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Zachary, Louisiana
City of Zachary
Zachary Railroad Depot
Zachary Railroad Depot
Emblem
Wordmark
Location of Zachary in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Zachary in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish East Baton Rouge
Area
 • Total 26.16 sq mi (67.74 km2)
 • Land 26.12 sq mi (67.66 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
102 ft (31 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 19,316
 • Density 687.12/sq mi (265.30/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70791
Area code(s) 225 Exchanges: 654,658
FIPS code 22-83405

Zachary is a city in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States. It lies 16 miles (26 km) north of the city of Baton Rouge, and had a population of 14,960 at the 2010 census, up from 11,275 in 2000. At the 2020 census, Zachary's population increased to 19,316.

History

Zachary Railroad Depot
Zachary Railroad Depot

Much of the land which the city now occupies was part of a 160-acre (65 ha) farm owned by Darel Zachary (1827-1907). In the 1880s, Zachary sold his land to the Illinois Central Railroad, who built a track and a depot on it. A village quickly grew up around the depot, which came to be called "Zachary" after the original farmer. Zachary's first post office was opened in 1885, and it was incorporated as a city on August 2, 1889, with Thomas Edward McHugh as its first mayor. A fire devastated the city in 1903, supposedly caused by a greengrocer trying to flame-ripen his bananas. The "historic village" at the center of the city is composed of buildings which either survived the fire, or were built shortly after it, the oldest (excluding the depot) being the 1898 Allison House. The first census was carried out in 1914 and reported just 419 residents. Zachary was the first city in Louisiana since the Reconstruction Era to elect a Republican as mayor, Jack Louis Breaux.

Geography

Zachary is located in northern East Baton Rouge Parish at 30°39′18″N 91°9′24″W / 30.65500°N 91.15667°W / 30.65500; -91.15667 (30.655085, −91.156781). It is bordered to the north by the city of Slaughter, to the east by Central, and to the south by Baker. Louisiana Highway 19 passes through the city, leading north 5 miles (8 km) to the center of Slaughter and south 9 miles (14 km) to U.S. Route 61 in the northern part of Baton Rouge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Zachary has a total area of 24.0 square miles (62.1 km2), of which 23.9 square miles (62.0 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.13%, is water.

Climate

Climate data for Zachary
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 54.7
(12.61)
61.8
(16.56)
70
(21.1)
77.1
(25.06)
83.7
(28.72)
90.5
(32.5)
91.6
(33.11)
90.4
(32.44)
85.1
(29.5)
78.1
(25.61)
69.1
(20.61)
60.7
(15.94)
76.1
(24.5)
Average low °F (°C) 34.1
(1.17)
39.9
(4.39)
49.1
(9.5)
56.4
(13.56)
63
(17.2)
71.5
(21.94)
72.8
(22.67)
71.6
(22)
67.5
(19.72)
54.6
(12.56)
48.1
(8.94)
38.1
(3.39)
55.6
(13.11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5.8
(147)
5.3
(135)
4.9
(124)
5.1
(130)
5.5
(140)
6
(152)
5.2
(132)
5.7
(145)
4.8
(122)
4.9
(124)
4.2
(107)
5.3
(135)
62.6
(1,590)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 465
1910 419 −9.9%
1920 524 25.1%
1930 626 19.5%
1940 730 16.6%
1950 1,542 111.2%
1960 3,268 111.9%
1970 4,964 51.9%
1980 7,297 47.0%
1990 9,036 23.8%
2000 11,275 24.8%
2010 14,960 32.7%
2020 19,316 29.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
Hurricane Gustav over Zachary, Louisiana
Hurricane Gustav over Zachary, 2008

The 2020 census determined 19,316 people resided in the city. At the 2019 American Community Survey, 17,283 people lived in the city. As of 2019, the racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 49.1% non-Hispanic white, 47.6% Black and African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% some other race, and 1.8% two or more races. Hispanics or Latin Americans of any race made up 0.5% of the population.

Of the population in 2019, there was a poverty rate of 7.9% and median household income of $84,795. Males had a median household income of $62,920 versus $49,092 for females. The median age of Zachary was 35.1 at the 2019 American Community Survey, and 69.4% of the population were aged 18 and older.

At the 2000 United States census, there were 11,275 people, 3,836 households, and 3,064 families residing in the city. The population density was 475.2 people per square mile (183.5/km2). There were 4,076 housing units at an average density of 171.8 per square mile (66.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.76% White, 28.72% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.

There were 3,836 households, out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.26.

The population was spread out across age groups with 30.0% under 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males in the same age range.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,669, and the median income for a family was $57,389. Males had a median income of $45,092 versus $25,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,554. About 6.9% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Zachary residents are served by the Zachary Community School Board.

The Zachary Community School System separated from the East Baton Rouge Parish School System in 2003.

Infrastructure

The United States Postal Service operates the Zachary Post Office.

East Baton Rouge Parish Library operates the Zachary Branch. In 1939 the library initially opened in the former town hall, and it subsequently moved to a former post office; a third building; and in 1966, in a structure attached to the Louisiana National Bank building. The library later began using the meeting room in the bank building. The current library opened on May 4, 2004, in a 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) structure on land purchased by the EBR library system in 2001. The groundbreaking for that building, designed by Cockfield - Jackson Architects, was held in December 2002.

Notable people

  • Frank Brian (1923–2017), Zachary High School basketball player who played in the first NBA All-Star Game (1950)
  • Kedrick Brown (born 1981), Zachary High School basketball player who was the first junior college player to be selected in the NBA draft
  • Donna Douglas (1932-2015), actress famous for playing Elly May Clampett on The Beverly Hillbillies situation comedy from 1962 to 1971; born in 1932 in nearby Pride, Louisiana
  • Trindon Holliday (born 1986), wide receiver and return specialist for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • Johnny Huggins (born 1976), American football player
  • John Kennedy (born 1951), United States Senator and former Louisiana state treasurer
  • Roderick Mullen (born 1972), NFL cornerback
  • Bob Odom (1935-2014), former Louisiana agriculture commissioner
  • Boston Scott (born 1995), running back and kick returner for the Philadelphia Eagles
  • Leonard Scott (born 1980), former world champion sprinter and NFL player
  • Richard Stalder (born 1951), former secretary of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections
  • Doug Williams (born 1955), former NFL quarterback for the Washington Redskins and MVP of Super Bowl XXII
  • Robert Pete Williams (1914–1980), blues musician
  • Gus Young (1909–1969), co-led the first voters registration drive (1938)
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