Zhores Alferov facts for kids

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Zhores Alferov
Alferov in 2012
Born Zhores Ivanovich Alferov
(1930-03-15)15 March 1930
Vitebsk, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union
Died 1 March 2019(2019-03-01) (aged 88)
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nationality Soviet (until 1991) / Russian (since 1991)
Fields Applied physics
Institutions Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute
Alma mater Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University "LETI" (old name V. I. Ulyanov Electrotechnical Institute "LETI")
Known for Heterotransistors
Notable awards Global Energy Prize (2005)
Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology (2001)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2000)
Demidov Prize (1999)
Ioffe Prize (Russian Academy of Sciences, 1996)
USSR State Prize (1984)
Lenin Prize (1972)
Stuart Ballantine Medal (1971)
Order of Lenin (1986)

Zhores Ivanovich Alferov (15 March 1930 – 1 March 2019) was a Soviet and Russian physicist and academic. He worked significantly to the creation of modern heterostructure physics and electronics. He was the inventor of the heterotransistor and the winner of 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics.

He was also a Russian politician. He was a member of the lower house of the Russian parliament the State Duma, from 1995 until 2019.

Alferov died of complications from a stroke on 1 March 2019 in Saint Petersburg, aged 88.


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