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Jean Jaurès
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Jean Jaurès.
Born (1859-09-03)September 3, 1859
Died July 31, 1914(1914-07-31) (aged 54)
Paris, France
Cause of death Murder
Nationality French
Occupation Journalist, politician
Known for First 1st Secretary of the Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière
Political party Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière

Jean Jaurès, full name Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès; 3 September 1859 – 31 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. The two parties merged in 1905 in the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).

An antimilitarist, Jaurès was assassinated at the outbreak of World War I, shock waves ran through the streets of Paris at the news that one of the government's most charismatic and compelling men had been assassinated. Even his opponent, sent his sympathies to his widow. He was and still remains one of the main historical figures of the French Left.

In the centenary year of his assassination, politicians from all sides of the political spectrum paid tribute to him -and claimed he would have supported them. François Hollande declared that “Jaurès, the man of socialism, is today the man of all of France” whilst in 2007 Nicolas Sarkozy declared that his party was Jaurès' successor.

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