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2015 Nepal earthquake facts for kids

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2015 Nepal earthquake
2015 Nepal depremi (7).jpg
Damaged homes in Kathmandu after the April mainshock.
UTC time 2015-04-25 06:11:25
ISC event 607208674
Local date 25 April 2015 (2015-04-25)
Local time 11:56:25 NST
Magnitude 7.8 Mw
8.1 Ms
Depth 8.2 km (5.1 mi)
Epicenter 28°13′48″N 84°43′52″E / 28.230°N 84.731°E / 28.230; 84.731
Fault Main Himalayan Thrust
Type Thrust
Areas affected
Max. intensity X (Extreme)
Peak acceleration 0.25 g
Peak velocity 108 cm/s
Aftershocks 7.3 Mw on 12 May at 12:50
6.7 Mw on 26 April at 12:54
459 aftershocks of 4 Mw and above as of 24 May 2016
Casualties 8,857 dead in Nepal and 8,964 in total, 21,952 injured, 3.5 million homeless
Earthquake Leads Office Evacuation - Ashram - Sector-V - Salt Lake City - Kolkata 2015-04-25 5980
Evacuation in Kolkata.

On 25 April 2015, a 7.8 (Mw) earthquake happened in central Nepal. The earthquake also affected parts of India, Bangladesh, and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Tremors were also felt in Bhutan and Pakistan. Twenty-six aftershocks were reported. It was the largest earthquake to hit Nepal since the 1988 Nepal earthquake and the Nepal–Bihar earthquake.

Reason why it took place

It is because of the collision of Eurasian plate with the Indian Plate. It forms the convergent boundary.

Effects and more about the earthquake

An earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on Richter scale rocked Nepal, with its epicenter in east of Kathmandu. The quake had occurred around 12:30 pm with a depth of 10 km. Entire North and East India felt the tremors.

Calamities caused by the earthquake

More than 8,019 deaths have been reported in Nepal. More than 1,000 of them were in Kathmandu Valley. In India, 78 people died. In China, 25 died. In Bangladesh, four people died. More than 18,946 others were injured. Several people from outside the area were killed in the earthquakes.

The earthquake caused an avalanche on Mount Everest. The avalanche killed at least 19 people. One of them was Google engineer Dan Fredinburg. Kathmandu Durbar Square, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was destroyed, as was the Dharahara tower built in 1832, Manakamana Temple in Gorkha, and the northern side of Janaki Mandir.

A second major earthquake, 7.3 (Mw), hit Nepal and parts of India on 12 May 2015. The Epicenter of the quake was 18km (11mi) south-east in Kodari, Nepal, while tremors were felt in North India also.


The earthquake killed at least 8,857 people in Nepal and injured nearly three times as many. The rural death toll may have been minimized by the fact that most villagers were outdoors working when the quake hit.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Terremoto de Nepal de abril de 2015 para niños

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