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2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis facts for kids

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2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis
Part of the Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict
B52 in al udeid base may 2019.jpg Stena Impero 2019-07-21 02.jpg
1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, Task Force-Iraq at FOB Union III.jpg IMSC Bahrain Headquarters photo, November 24, 2019.jpg
Carcasses of MQ-4C Triton 01.jpg Funeral of Qasem Soleimani, Tehran, Mehr 04.jpg

Clockwise from top: A U.S. B-52H strategic bomber in Qatar in May 2019; A NEDSA boat patrolling near British-flagged tanker Stena Impero; Members of the International Maritime Security Construct in Bahrain; Funeral procession of an Iranian general in Tehran; Alleged remnants of the U.S. RQ-4 Global Hawk drone shot down by Iran; U.S. troops man positions during the attack on the U.S. embassy in Baghdad
Date 5 May 2019 – ongoing
(1 year, 5 months and 3 weeks)
Location
Status
Belligerents

 United States
Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR

 Iran
Popular Mobilization Forces

  • Kata'ib Hezbollah
  • League of Revolutionaries
Commanders and leaders
Donald Trump
United States Mark Esper
United Kingdom Boris Johnson
United Kingdom Ben Wallace
Saudi Arabia King Salman
Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman
Ali Khamenei
Iran Hassan Rouhani
Iran Amir Hatami
Qasem Soleimani  †
Falih Al-Fayyadh
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis  †
Strength

Casualties and losses

Total: 222 killed

The 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis, also known as the Iranian–American confrontation and the Crisis in the Gulf, is an increase of military tensions between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of America in the Persian Gulf region.

The U.S. began a buildup of its military presence in the region to push away a possible planned campaign by Iran and its non-state allies to attack American forces and interests in the Persian Gulf and Iraq.

This followed a rise in political tensions between the two countries during the Trump administration, which included the withdrawal of the U.S. from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), creation of new sanctions against Iran, and the designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a terrorist organization.

In response, Iran made the United States Central Command as a Terrorist organization.

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