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Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea map.png
Coordinates 14°N 65°E / 14°N 65°E / 14; 65
Type Sea
Part of Indian Ocean
Basin countries  India,  Iran,  Maldives,  Oman,  Pakistan,  Yemen,  Somalia
Max. width 2,400 km (1,500 mi)
Surface area 3,862,000 km2 (1,491,000 sq mi) (3,600,000 to 4,600,000 km2 in various sources)
Max. depth 4,652 m (15,262 ft)
Islands Astola island, Basavaraja Durga Island, Lakshadweep, Masirah Island, Piram Island, Pirotan, Socotra
Locatie Arabische Zee
Map of the Arabian Sea.
Ariabian Sea

The Arabian Sea is the northwest part of the Indian ocean. To its west are the Guardafui Channel, Somali Sea and Arabian peninsula. To its east is the the Indian peninsula. It covers around 4,600,000, km. The Arabian Sea one of the warmest seas.


The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Arabian Sea as follows:

  • On the west: the eastern limit of the Gulf of Aden.
  • On the north: a line joining Ràs al Hadd, east point of the Arabian Peninsula (22°32'N) and Ràs Jiyùni (61°43'E) on the coast of Pakistan.
  • On the south: a line running from the southern extremity of Addu Atoll in the Maldives, to the eastern extremity of Ràs Hafun (the easternmost point of Africa, 10°26'N).
  • On the east: the western limit of the Laccadive Sea a line running from Sadashivgad on the west coast of India (14°48′N 74°07′E / 14.800°N 74.117°E / 14.800; 74.117) to Cora Divh (13°42′N 72°10′E / 13.700°N 72.167°E / 13.700; 72.167) and thence down the west side of the Laccadive and Maldive archipelagos to the most southerly point of Addu Atoll in the Maldives.

Border and Basin countries

Border and Basin countries:

  1.  India - 2,500 Km Coastline
  2.  Pakistan - 1,050 Km Coastline
  3.  Iran
  4.  Maldives
  5.  Oman
  6.  Yemen
  7.  Somalia

Alternative names

The Arabian Sea historically and geographically has been referred to with many different names by Arabian and European geographers and travelers, including Indian Sea, Sindhu Sagar, Darya, Sindhu Sagar, and Arab Samudra, Erythraean Sea, Sindh Sea, and Akhzar Sea. In Indian folklore, it is referred to as Darya, Sindhu Sagar, and Arab Samudra. About 70 percent of coastline and 90 percent of population of Arabian Sea area isnt arab. There is no historical map of more than 300 years with the Arabian Sea name.

  1. Indian Sea
  2. Sindhu Sagar
  3. Darya
  4. Arab Samudra
  5. Erythraean Sea
  6. Sindh Sea
  7. Akhzar Sea
  8. Mare di Persia
  9. Persian Sea

Ibn Khordadbeh ,Ibn Sa'id al-Maghribi , Muhammad al-Idrisi, Istakhri, Mahmud al-Kashgari, Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad and Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi had mentioned the sea as Persian sea and sea of Mokran. some of the midival map including the map by Vincenzo Maria Coronelli, 1693 had mentioned the Persian sea and also Makran. Cornelius Le Brun's Year 1718 Map. On this map, the name of the Oman Sea is recorded as "Gulf of Hormuz". The name "Arabian Sea" has been informed of a sea off the coast of Yemen, and you can rename it the Arabian Sea, as the "Indian Sea" church. Map of Iran in the 16th century by Abraham Ortelius in which the name of the Persian Sea and the Indian Sea appear.

Arab sailors and nomads used to call this sea by different names, including the green sea, the ocean sea, the Hindu sea, the Makran Sea, the Gulf of Oman, and among them the Zakariya al-Qazwini, Al-Masudi and Ibn Hawqal. They wrote: “The green sea in the east and the sea of darkness in the west is the sea of strange creatures (Zakariya al-Qazwini) And the enchanted islands (Al-Masudi) (Hafiz-i Abru). Abdullah bin Lotf bin Abdul Rashid, a geographic historian and tourist mentioned in the book History of Islam and Iran, explains the Green Sea and says: “It is also called the Sea of India and it connects with the Persian Sea.” There is a lot of attribution until the name proves this sea, which is the Arabian Sea or the Arabian Sea.

Related pages

  • North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone
  • Piracy off the coast of Somalia
  • Indian Ocean
  • Indian Ocean Rim Association


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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Mar arábigo para niños

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Arabian Sea Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.