kids encyclopedia robot

Socotra facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Socotra
Socotra satview.jpg
Geography
Location Between the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea
Archipelago Socotra
Administration
Yemen Yemen
Demographics
Population 60,000
Official name: Socotra Archipelago
Type: Natural
Criteria: x
Designated: 2008 (32nd session)
Reference #: 1263
State Party: Yemen
Region: Arab States

Socotra (Arabic: سُقُطْرَى Suquṭra) is an island east of the Horn of Africa. It lies between the Guardafui Channel and the Indian Ocean. Although Socotra belongs to Yemen, in 2018 it was taken over by the United Arab Emirates.

Geography

To its west it is joined by an archipelago of much smaller islands. It is also named the Islands of San Gustav after the navigator who discovered them, Gustav Peter Galle Daniels. It is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.

Climate

Socotra has a borderline tropical, desert climate and semi-desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWh and BSh), with an average yearly temperature over 25 °C (77 °F). With a total of only 193 millimetres (7.6 in), the yearly rainfall is light but is fairly spread throughout the year. The total rainfall in the mountains can average as much as 800 millimetres (31 in) per year and can average over 250 millimetres (9.8 in) per month from October to December, during the northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon season from June to September brings strong winds and high seas.

Climate data for Socotra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
31.7
(89.1)
32.8
(91)
37.2
(99)
38.5
(101.3)
40.6
(105.1)
37.4
(99.3)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
37.0
(98.6)
33.0
(91.4)
30.6
(87.1)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82)
29.2
(84.6)
31.8
(89.2)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
33.2
(91.8)
30.8
(87.4)
29.6
(85.3)
28.3
(82.9)
30.8
(87.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.3
(79.3)
28.7
(83.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.8
(87.4)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
27.0
(80.6)
25.8
(78.4)
28.0
(82.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.5
(77.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.9
(82.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
25.1
(77.2)
Record low °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
17.2
(63)
18.9
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
21.2
(70.2)
22.8
(73)
21.7
(71.1)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 2.5
(0.098)
2.5
(0.098)
10.2
(0.402)
0.0
(0)
2.5
(0.098)
30.5
(1.201)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.5
(0.098)
10.2
(0.402)
50.8
(2)
81.3
(3.201)
193.0
(7.598)
Humidity 70 68 67 66 62 60 58 57 62 69 72 73 65
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.4 0.8 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.6 2.2 7.7 5.2 21.7
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst

Wildlife

The island is very isolated and some 30% of its plant species are found only on Socotra. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth. The island is 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.

Country

Socotra belongs to the Republic of Yemen. From late 2017 to mid-2018, Socotra was occupied by the United Arab Emirates. In 2018, the island was also occupied by Saudi Arabia. The Emiratis and later the Saudis came to Socotra because of the Yemeni Civil War (2015–present). Since 2017, Socotra is no longer under the control of the internationally recognized Yemeni government. The island is under the control of the UAE and under the authority of the sessecionist Southern Transitional Council which is supported by UAE troops.

Related pages

  • Galápagos Islands, an archipelago of Ecuador which is also famous for its isolated geography and plant and animal species

Images for kids

kids search engine
Socotra Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.