The term Far East means countries of East Asia. It became used in the English language during the period of the British Empire for lands to the east of British India.

Before World War I, the Near East meant relatively nearby lands of the Ottoman Empire, Middle East northwestern South Asia and Central Asia, and Far East countries along the western Pacific Ocean and countries along the eastern Indian Ocean. Many European languages have analogous terms, such as the French Extrême-Orient, Spanish Extremo Oriente, Portuguese Extremo Oriente, German Ferner Osten, Italian Estremo oriente, and Dutch Verre Oosten.

Far East is never used for the culturally Western nations of Australia and New Zealand, which lie even farther to the east of Europe than much of East Asia.

Territories and regions

Name of region and
territory, with flag
Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2002 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Brunei Brunei 5,770 350,898 60.8 Bandar Seri Begawan
Cambodia Cambodia 181,040 12,775,324 70.6 Phnom Penh
People's Republic of China China 9,584,492 1,384,303,705 134.0 Beijing
Hong Kong Hong Kong (China) 1,092 7,303,334 6,688.0
Indonesia Indonesia 1,419,588 227,026,560 159.9 Jakarta
Japan Japan 377,835 126,974,628 336.1 Tokyo
Laos Laos 236,800 5,777,180 24.4 Vientiane
Macau Macau (China) 25 461,833 18,473.3
Malaysia Malaysia 329,750 22,662,365 68.7 Kuala Lumpur
Mongolia Mongolia 1,565,000 2,694,432 1.7 Ulaanbaatar
Myanmar Myanmar (Burma) 678,500 42,238,224 62.3 Naypyidaw
North Korea North Korea 120,540 22,224,195 184.4 Pyongyang
Philippines Philippines 300,000 84,525,639 281.8 Manila
Russia Russia 13,115,200 39,129,729 3.0 Moscow
Singapore Singapore 704 4,483,900 6,369.0 Singapore
South Korea South Korea 98,480 48,324,000 490.7 Seoul
Thailand Thailand 514,000 62,354,402 121.3 Bangkok
East Timor Timor-Leste (East Timor) 15,007 952,618 63.5 Dili
Taiwan 35,980 22,548,009 626.7 Taipei
Vietnam Vietnam 329,560 81,098,416 246.1 Hanoi

Gallery

Related pages


Far East Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.