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Abbeville
Historic Downtown Abbeville, Alabama
Historic Downtown Abbeville, Alabama
Location of Abbeville in Henry County, Alabama.
Location of Abbeville in Henry County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
County Henry
Area
 • Total 15.58 sq mi (40.36 km2)
 • Land 15.54 sq mi (40.26 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)  0.32%
Elevation
449 ft (137 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,358
 • Density 151.71/sq mi (58.58/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36310
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-00124
GNIS feature ID 112880

Abbeville is a city in Henry County, Alabama. It is part of the Dothan, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2020 census, the population was 2,358. The city is the county seat of Henry County. It is the first city alphabetically, both by city and state, in the Rand McNally Road Atlas. It has two high schools: the public Abbeville High School and private Abbeville Christian Academy. Chapters of the Red Cross and Habitat for Humanity operate here.

Geography

Abbeville is located at 31°33′59″N 85°15′5″W / 31.56639°N 85.25139°W / 31.56639; -85.25139Coordinates: 31°33′59″N 85°15′5″W / 31.56639°N 85.25139°W / 31.56639; -85.25139 (31.566367, -85.251300). The city is located in southeastern Alabama along U.S. Route 431, Alabama State Route 10, and Alabama State Route 27 approximately 25 mi (40 km) northeast of Dothan and 23 mi (37 km) south-southwest of Eufaula.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40 km2), of which 15.6 square miles (40 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.32%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Abbeville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

History

Abbeville is the oldest remaining colonial settlement in East Alabama from Florida to the Tennessee line. Its older than the county of Henry and the State of Alabama. The city was named for "Abbe", a local Muscogee Indian man at the time of the town's settlement. The name means "a grove of dogwood trees". An active trading post was located in Abbeville in Alabama Territory early in 1819. The first settler gateway to the wiregrass was at Franklin located fourteen miles west of Abbeville.

It was designated the Henry County seat in 1833, gaining the distinction from Columbia. It was formally incorporated in 1853.

In 1937, an African-American young man named Wes Johnson was accused of attacking a white woman and arrested. He was then removed from the Henry County jail and lynched by a mob of white men, his body found "bullet marked" and "swinging from a tree." None of the members of the mob were charged with a crime. A case did appear in front of the Alabama Supreme Court over impeaching the sheriff who was supposed to have been protecting Johnson. While the Alabama Attorney General openly declared that Johnson was innocent, the sheriff avoided impeachment.

In 1950 Abbeville had a population of 2,162.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 300
1890 465
1900 889 91.2%
1910 1,141 28.3%
1920 1,267 11.0%
1930 2,047 61.6%
1940 2,080 1.6%
1950 2,162 3.9%
1960 2,524 16.7%
1970 2,996 18.7%
1980 3,155 5.3%
1990 3,173 0.6%
2000 2,987 −5.9%
2010 2,688 −10.0%
2015 (est.) 2,620 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,987 people, 1,172 households, and 787 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.0 people per square mile (74.1/km²). There were 1,353 housing units at an average density of 86.9 per square mile (33.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.65% White, 39.94% Black or African American, 0.07% Asian, 2.85% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 3.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 1,172 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,266, and the median income for a family was $37,917. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $20,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,215. About 17.3% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,688 people, 1,077 households, and 699 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.0 people per square mile (74.1/km²). There were 1,255 housing units at an average density of 80.4 per square mile (31.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.4% White, 41.4% Black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 3.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 1,077 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.3 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,533, and the median income for a family was $39,167. Males had a median income of $36,630 versus $25,302 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,756. About 16.2% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines.

Gallery

Education

Abbeville is a part of the Henry County Public Schools system. It operates the Abbeville High School and the Abbeville Elementary School.

Abbeville Christian Academy is a private high school in the city and one of the last “unofficially” segregated high schools in the country.

Notable people

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