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Abdul Qadeer Khan
Abdul Qadeer Khan.jpg
Born 1 April 1936 (1936-04-01) (age 85)
Nationality  Pakistani
Alma mater University of Karachi
Delft University of Technology
Catholic University of Louvain
Known for Pakistan's nuclear weapons program, gaseous diffusion, martensite and graphene morphology
Awards Nishan-e-Imtiaz Ribbon.png Nishan-i-Imtiaz (1996;1999)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz Ribbon.png Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1989)
Scientific career
Fields Metallurgical Engineering
Institutions Khan Research Laboratories
GIK Institute of Technology
Hamdard University
Urenco Group
Thesis The effect of morphology on the strength of copper-based martensites (1972)
Doctoral advisor Martin J. Brabers

Abdul Qadeer Khan ( Urdu: عبد القدیر خان; born 1 April 1936) NI, HI, FPAS, DEng, known as A. Q. Khan, is a Pakistani nuclear engineer and metallurgist who is colloquially known as the "father of Pakistan's Nuclear Bomb". Khan is celebrated in Pakistan for bringing balance to the South Asian region after India's nuclear tests.

An émigré from India who migrated to Pakistan in 1951, Khan was educated in Western Europe's technical universities from metallurgical engineering department where he pioneered studies in phase transitions of metallic alloys, uranium metallurgy, and isotope separation based on gas centrifuges. After learning of India's 'Smiling Buddha' nuclear test in 1974, Khan joined his nation's clandestine efforts to develop atomic weapons when he founded the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) in 1976, and was both its chief scientist and director for many years.

In January 2004, Khan was subjected to a debriefing by the Musharraf administration over evidence of nuclear proliferation handed to them by the Bush administration of the United States. Khan admitted his role in running the proliferation network – only to retract his statements in later years when he leveled accusations at the former administration of Pakistan's Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1990, and also directed allegations at President Musharraf over the controversy in 2008. After years of house arrest, Khan successfully filed a lawsuit against the Federal Government of Pakistan at the Islamabad High Court whose verdict declared his debriefing unconstitutional and freed him on 6 February 2009.

The United States reacted negatively to the verdict and the Obama administration issued an official statement warning that Khan still remained a "serious proliferation risk".

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