Al Anbar Province facts for kids
|Al Anbar Province
Arabic: محافظة الأنبار
|• Total||138,501 km2 (53,476 sq mi)|
Al Anbar (Arabic: الأنبار; al-’Anbār or Anbar) is a Western Region of Iraq. The largest province in Iraq by area, it shares borders with Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia. Al Anbar is overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim Arab. Its capital is Ar Ramadi.
The name of the province is from the Arabic انبار, ’Anbār, and means "granaries," as this region was the primary entrepot on the western borders of Lakhmid Kingdom. The famous Sunni theologian Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man, who developed Hanafi, one of the Sunni Madh'habs (schools of thought) is associated with this region.
Before 1976 the province was known as Ramadi; before 1962, it was known as Dulaim.
All the inhabitants are Sunni Muslims from Dulaim tribe.
Geography of Al Anbar
The Euphrates River flows diagonally from the north to the southeast, passing through six of the eight districts; Al-Qa'im, Anah, Haditha, Hīt, Ramadi, Fallujah, Abu Ghraib, Ar Rutba, forms the majority of the Governorate's area, occupying the large desert area in the southwest.
Weapons in Al Anbar
There are an estimated 20 million weapons in Al Anbar, opposed to an estimated population of 2 million, according to official reports, a ratio of ten firearms for every citizen. It's traditional for Dulaim tribe members to keep a weapons at home. The arms included mortars, surface-to-air missiles, anti-tank shells, rocket-propelled grenades as well as large quantities of mines, explosives and ammunition.
Iraq War events in Al Anbar
The city of Fallujah is also in Anbar. The Iraqi resistance were widely considered to be stronger in this province than in any other in Iraq, and hostility toward Against American forces.
Cities and The Population
According to statistics of the Ministry of Commerce in 1999, there about million and half million inhabitants in seven major Cities in Al Anbar province. According to statistics in 2008 The population 2,405,000 people.
According to the former regime in 2003 just the city of Fallujah (600 thousand) and Ramadi (700 thousand) exceed million and three hundred thousand people.
According to the election for the council governorate on January 30, 2005, The largely Sunni province is one of the most violent Against the occupation in Iraq and turnout was very low. Of the total population of some 2 million only 3775 voted.
According to The UN statistics in 2003 the Population of Al Anbar is 1,230,169, Ramadi (444,582), Fallujah (425,774), Al-Qaim (116,129), Hit (105,825), Haditha (75,835), Anah (37,211), Ar Rutba (24,813).
But The governor of Al Anbar Mamoun Sami Rashid Alwani says "The UN statistics are Incorrect and just included 7 major Cities from 80 cities and towns in Al Anbar" It continues, "We know our country more than strangers And Al Anbar Population about more than 3 million citizen".
Number of the Population is unknown, and there are no precise statistics Include all of the cities and towns and villages and the people of Al Anbar, just in the city of Abu Ghraib eastern Al Anbar There between 750,000 and 1.5 million inhabitants. after the occupation The population of Al Anbar province Increase because of the sunni immigrants from Baghdad and southern Iraq, Whom are more than million people, and some areas in Al Anbar Decreased such as Fallujah and Ramadi.
The most important cities
- Ramadi (445 thousand) —capital of Anbar
- Fallujah (425 thousand)
- Hit (150 thousand)
- Al-Qaim (105 thousand)
- Haditha (100 thousand)
- Abu Ghraib (1.5 million)
- Rawah (25 thousand)
- Al Baghdadi
- Husaibah Al Sharqiah
- Amiriyah Fallujah (40 thousand)
- Al Sharqiah
- Al Waleed
- Al Saqrh
- Al Mamorha
- Al Enaimih
- Al Rummaneh
- Al Karblah
- Baroana (20 thousand)
- Al Khaldiya
- Al Habanyah
- Al Karmah
- Al Quqa'
- Al Haqlaniyah
- Al Rahaliyah
- Ar Rutba
Images for kids
President George W. Bush and a group of high-ranking generals and advisers at Al Asad Airbase, September 2007
Al Anbar Province Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.