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Abū Ḥanīfah
أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان
Abu Hanifa Name.png
Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān with Islamic calligraphy
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Born 699 (80 Hijri)
Kufa, Umayyad Caliphate
Died 767 (150 Hijri)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate
Resting place Abu Hanifa Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq
Children Hammad
Senior posting
Title The Great Imam
Religious career
Works Al-Fiqh al-Akbar
Influenced Malik ibn Anas, Al-Shafi‘i, Muhammad al-Shaybani, Abu Yusuf, al-Tahawi, Ahmad Sirhindi, Shah Waliullah, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa, Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi, Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi, Dawud al-Ta'i

Abū Ḥanīfa al-Nuʿmān b. Thābit b. Zūṭā b. Marzubān (Arabic: أبو حنيفة نعمان بن ثابت بن زوطا بن مرزبان ; c. 699 – 767 CE), known as Abū Ḥanīfa for short, or reverently as Imam Abū Ḥanīfa by Sunni Muslims, was an 8th-century Sunni Muslim theologian and jurist of Persian origin, who became the eponymous founder of the Hanafi school of Sunni jurisprudence, which has remained the most widely practiced law school in the Sunni tradition, predominates in Central Asia, Afghanistan, Persia (until the 16th century), Balkans, Russia, Chechnya, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Muslims in India, Turkey, and some parts of the Arab world.

Some followers call him al-Imām al-Aʿẓam ("The Greatest Imam") and Sirāj al-aʾimma ("The Lamp of the Imams") in Sunni Islam.

Born to a Muslim family in Kufa, Abu Hanifa is known to have travelled to the Hejaz region of Arabia in his youth, where he studied in Mecca and Medina. As his career as a theologian and jurist progressed, Abu Hanifa became known for favoring the use of reason in his legal rulings (faqīh dhū raʾy) and even in his theology. Abu Hanifa's theological school is claimed to be what would later develop into the Maturidi school of Sunni theology.

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