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Alberico Gentili
Alberico Gentili.jpg
Engraved portrait of Gentili
Regius Professor of Civil Law
In office
1587–1608 (his death)
Monarch Elizabeth I
Preceded by William Mowse
Succeeded by John Budden
Personal details
Born 14 January 1552
San Ginesio, Macerata, Italy
Died 19 June 1608(1608-06-19) (aged 56)
London, England
Nationality Italian
Spouse(s) Hester de Peigne
Relations Scipione Gentili (brother)
Children Roberto Gentili
Parents Dr Matteo Gentili
Lucrezia Petrelli
Alma mater University of Perugia
Known for Substantial contributions to the theory of international law, human rights and war;
First writer on public international law;
Regius Professor

Alberico Gentili (January 14, 1552 – June 19, 1608) was an Italian jurist, tutor of Queen Elizabeth I, and a standing advocate to the Spanish Embassy in London, who served as the Regius professor of civil law at the University of Oxford for 21 years. He is heralded as the founder of the science of international law alongside Francisco de Vitoria and Hugo Grotius, and thus known as the "Father of international law". Gentili has been the earliest writer on public international law. In 1587, he became the first non-English person to be a Regius Professor.

Gentili authored several books, which are recognized to be among the most essential for international legal doctrines, yet that also include theological and literary subjects.

It was occasioned by a case on which Gentili's counsel was sought. In 1584 Gentili and Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul were asked by the government to advise on the treatment of Spanish ambassador Bernardino de Mendoza, who had been implicated in the so-called Throckmorton plot against Queen Elizabeth I. As a result, Mendoza was expelled from England.

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