Hugo Grotius facts for kids

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Hugo Grotius
Portrait of Hugo Grotius
by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt, 1631
Full name Hugo Grotius
Born 10 April 1583
Delft, Holland, Dutch Republic
Died 28 August 1645 (aged 62)
Rostock, Swedish Pomerania
Era Renaissance philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Natural law
Main interests Philosophy of war, international law, political philosophy
Notable ideas Theory of natural rights, grounding just war principles in natural law

Hugo Grotius; 10 April 1583 – 28 August 1645), also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot, was a Dutch jurist. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. A teenage intellectual prodigy, he was born in Delft and studied at Leiden University. He was imprisoned for his involvement in the intra-Calvinist disputes of the Dutch Republic, but escaped hidden in a chest of books. Grotius wrote most of his major works in exile in France.

It is thought that Hugo Grotius was not the first to formulate the international society doctrine, but he was one of the first to define expressly the idea of one society of states, governed not by force or warfare but by actual laws and mutual agreement to enforce those laws. As Hedley Bull declared in 1990: "The idea of international society which Grotius propounded was given concrete expression in the Peace of Westphalia, and Grotius may be considered the intellectual father of this first general peace settlement of modern times." Additionally, his contributions to Arminian theology helped provide the seeds for later Arminian-based movements, such as Methodism and Pentecostalism; Grotius is acknowledged as a significant figure in the Arminianism–Calvinism debate. Because of his theological underpinning of free trade, he is also considered an "economic theologist".

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