Albion (village), New York facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Lua error in Module:Hatnote at line 201: attempt to index local 'options' (a nil value).

Albion
Newport
Village
Downtown Albion, NY.jpg
Looking north along Main Street in downtown Albion
Official name: Village of Albion
Name origin: From archaic name for Great Britain
Country United States
State New York
Region Western New York
County Orleans
Towns Albion and Gaines
Landmark Erie Canal
Center Main and Bank streets
 - elevation 540 ft (165 m)
 - coordinates 43°14′46″N 78°11′37″W / 43.24611°N 78.19361°W / 43.24611; -78.19361
Highest point Two areas near S boundary
 - elevation 600 ft (183 m)
 - coordinates 43°14′07″N 78°11′38″W / 43.23528°N 78.19389°W / 43.23528; -78.19389
Lowest point Former quarries N of St. Joseph's Cemetery
 - elevation 440 ft (134 m)
 - coordinates 43°14′41″N 78°10′31″W / 43.24472°N 78.17528°W / 43.24472; -78.17528
Area sq mi (8 km²)
Population 6,056 (2010)
Density 2,019 /sq mi (780 /km²)
Settled 1812
 - Incorporated 1828
Government Village Hall
 - location 35–37 East Bank Street
 - elevation 500 ft (152 m)
 - coordinates 43°14′53″N 78°11′32″W / 43.24806°N 78.19222°W / 43.24806; -78.19222
Mayor Dean London
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14411
Area code 585
Exchange 589
FIPS code 36-01033
GNIS feature ID 2391504
Location in Orleans County and the state of New York.
Location in Orleans County and the state of New York.
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Wikimedia Commons: Albion, New York
Website: vil.albion.ny.us

Albion is a village in Orleans County, New York, United States. The population was 6,056 at the 2010 census. The village is centrally located in the county and is partly in both the towns of Albion and Gaines. It is the county seat of Orleans County and is about 30 miles (48 km) west north-west of the City of Rochester. It is part of the Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The Albion area was first settled in 1812. There were few residents until it was announced near the end of the decade that the Erie Canal would pass through. An entrepreneur named Nehemiah Ingersoll bought much of the land near the planned intersection of the canal and Oak Orchard Road, the main north-south route through the area in 1822. It was soon subdivided, and the village, then known as Newport, began to grow.

Orleans County was created two years later. State officials considered both Gaines (then more populous) and Newport as the county seat due to their central location within the new county. They chose Newport in 1826 due to its location on the canal and the West Branch of Sandy Creek, where a mill had already been established. The next year it changed its name to Albion to avoid postal confusion with New York's other Newport, in Oneida County. In 1828 it was incorporated as a village.

The William V. N. Barlow House, North Main–Bank Streets Historic District, Orleans County Courthouse Historic District, Tousley-Church House, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Albion is located at 43°14′49″N 78°11′28″W / 43.24694°N 78.19111°W / 43.24694; -78.19111 (43.247211, -78.191264).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km2), all land.

The Erie Canal passes through the community.

Albion contains the junction of east-west highway NYS Route 31 (East Avenue and West Avenue) and north-south highway NYS Route 98 (Main Street). NYS Route 279 joins NY-98 immediately north of Albion.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,251
1860 2,970 31.9%
1870 3,322 11.9%
1890 4,586
1900 4,477 −2.4%
1910 5,016 12.0%
1920 4,683 −6.6%
1930 4,878 4.2%
1940 4,660 −4.5%
1950 4,850 4.1%
1960 5,182 6.8%
1970 5,122 −1.2%
1980 4,897 −4.4%
1990 5,863 19.7%
2000 7,438 26.9%
2010 6,056 −18.6%
Est. 2015 5,998 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,438 people, 2,307 households, and 1,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,501.8 people per square mile (966.9/km2). There were 2,566 housing units at an average density of 863.1 per square mile (333.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 73.88% White, 18.20% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.99% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.32% of the population.

There were 2,307 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 141.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 150.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $30,010, and the median income for a family was $34,881. Males had a median income of $31,660 versus $22,157 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,531. About 13.0% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Public transportation

Public transportation in Albion is provided by the OTS, which is part of the Rochester Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RGRTA).

Additional facts

  • Albion is the center of the Medina sandstone industry, and lies in the midst of a good farming region, of which it is the principal shipping point, especially for apples, cabbages and beans.

Albion (village), New York Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.