Ananke (moon) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ananke
Ananké
Discovery
Discovered by S. B. Nicholson
Discovery date September 28, 1951
Names
Orbit
Shortest distance from what it orbits 12,567,000 km
Longest distance from what it orbits 29,063,500 km
Avgdistance from the center of its orbital path 21,280,000 km
How long it takes to complete an orbit 610.45 d (1.680 a)
Average speed 2.367 km/s
Angle above the reference plane
("inclination")
148.89° (to the ecliptic)
149.9° (to Jupiter's equator)
What it orbits Jupiter
Size and other qualities
Average radius 14 km
Surface area ~2500 km2
Volume ~11,500 km3
Mass 4.0×1016 kg
Average density 2.6 g/cm3 (assumed)
Surface gravity 0.010 m/s2 (0.001 g)
Escape velocity ~0.017 km/s
How much light it reflects 0.04 (assumed)
Avg. surface temp. ~124 K

Ananke is a retrograde non-spherical moon of Jupiter. It was found by Seth Barnes Nicholson at Mount Wilson Observatory in 1951 and is named after the mythological Ananke, the mother of Adrastea by Jupiter. The adjectival form of the name is Anankean.

Ananke did not get its present name until 1975; before then, it was simply known as Jupiter XII. It was sometimes called "Adrastea" between 1955 and 1975. Note that Adrastea is now the name of another moon of Jupiter.

Ananke gives its name to the Ananke group, retrograde non-spherical moons which orbit Jupiter between 19,300,000 and 22,700,000 km, at inclinations of about 150°.

Orbit

TheIrregulars JUPITER retro
Retrograde irregular satellites of Jupiter

Ananke orbits Jupiter on a high eccentricity and high inclination retrograde orbit. Eight non-spherical moons found since 2000 follow similar orbits. The orbital elements are as of January 2000. They are changing a lot due to Solar and planetary perturbations. The diagram illustrates Ananke's orbit in relation to other retrograde non-spherical moons of Jupiter. The eccentricity of selected orbits is represented by the yellow segments (extending from the pericentre to the apocentre). The farthest spherical moon Callisto is located for reference.

Given these orbital elements and the physical characteristics known so far, Ananke is thought to be the biggest remnant of an original break-up forming the Ananke group.

Physical characteristics

In the visible spectrum, Ananke appears grey to light-red.

The infrared spectrum is similar to P-type asteroids but with a possible indication of water.


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