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Andre W. Brewster facts for kids

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Andre Brewster
111-SC-18386 - NARA - 55196836-cropped.jpg
Brewster in September 1918
Born (1862-12-09)December 9, 1862
Hoboken, New Jersey
Died March 27, 1942(1942-03-27) (aged 79)
Boston, Massachusetts
Place of burial
Allegiance United States United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1885–1925
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held Company B, 9th Infantry Regiment
65th Infantry Regiment
Inspector General of the United States Army
Second Coast Artillery District
First Corps Area
Battles/wars American Indian Wars
Spanish–American War
  • Siege of Santiago
  • Battle of San Juan Hill

Philippine Insurrection
Boxer Rebellion

  • Battle of Tientsin
World War I
Awards Medal of Honor
Army Distinguished Service Medal

Andre Walker Brewster (December 9, 1862 – March 27, 1942) was a career officer in the United States Army He attained the rank of major general and served in several high-profile assignments, including Inspector General of the United States Army and Inspector General of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. In addition to his World War I service, Brewster was a veteran of the American Indian Wars, Spanish–American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion. He received the Medal of Honor for his role in the Boxer Rebellion's Battle of Tientsin.

Early life

Andre Walker Brewster was born on December 9, 1862, in Hoboken, New Jersey. His mother was Mary Bache Walker (1839-1876), great-great-great granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin, daughter of Robert J. Walker, and sister of Duncan Stephen Walker. His father was Adrien Deslondes (also spelled Deslonde or Deslandes, etc.), a midshipman in the United States Navy whose family owned sugar plantations in Louisiana.

Adrien Deslondes and Mary Walker divorced in the mid 1860s. In 1870, Mary Walker married Benjamin H. Brewster, who adopted Andre Walker Deslondes and his siblings. Andre Brewster was raised and educated in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. He was trained as an attorney and practiced for three years before joining the Army.

Start of career

In January 1885, Brewster received a direct commission as a second lieutenant in the 10th Infantry Regiment, a post which had also been sought by David L. Brainard. He served on frontier duty, including campaigns against the Apache and Sioux during the American Indian Wars.

During the Spanish–American War, Brewster commanded Company B, 9th Infantry. He took part in the Siege of Santiago and the Battle of San Juan Hill. He was recommended for brevet promotion to captain for his conduct at San Juan Hill. Following his service in Cuba, Brewster continued to command Company B during action in the Philippines during the Philippine Insurrection.

Medal of Honor action

For his actions during the Boxer Rebellion on July 13, 1900, in Tientsin, China, Brewster was awarded the Medal of Honor.

Dates of rank

  • 2nd Lieutenant – 19 January 1885
  • 1st Lieutenant – 17 December 1891
  • Captain, Assistant Quartermaster, Volunteers – 15 October 1898
  • Captain – 2 March 1899
  • Discharged from Volunteers – 12 May 1899
  • Major – 15 March 1908
  • Lieutenant Colonel – 2 December 1913
  • Colonel – 1 July 1916
  • Brigadier General, National Army – 5 August 1917
  • Major General, National Army – 28 November 1917
  • Brigadier General, Regular Army – 8 January 1920
  • Discharged from National Army – 28 February 1920
  • Major General, Regular Army – 1 December 1922
  • Major General, Retired List – 9 December 1925
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