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Andrew Peacock

AC GCL
AndrewPeacock1969 (cropped).jpg
Peacock in 1969
Leader of the Opposition
In office
9 May 1989 – 3 April 1990
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Deputy Fred Chaney
Preceded by John Howard
Succeeded by John Hewson
In office
11 March 1983 – 5 September 1985
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Deputy John Howard
Preceded by Bob Hawke
Succeeded by John Howard
Australian Ambassador to the United States
In office
2 February 1997 – 27 February 1999
Nominated by John Howard
Preceded by John McCarthy
Succeeded by Michael Thawley
Member of the Australian Parliament for Kooyong
In office
2 April 1966 – 17 September 1994
Preceded by Robert Menzies
Succeeded by Petro Georgiou
Personal details
Born
Andrew Sharp Peacock

13 February 1939 (1939-02-13) (age 82)
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died 16 April 2021
Austin, Texas, USA
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)
Susan Rossiter
(m. 1963; div. 1978)

Margaret Ingram
(m. 1983; div. 1995)

Penne Korth
(m. 2002)
Relations John Rossiter (father-in-law)
Children 3; including Jane
Residence Austin, Texas, U.S.
Education Scotch College
Alma mater University of Melbourne

Andrew Sharp Peacock AC GCL (13 February 1939 – 16 April 2021) was an Australian politician and diplomat. He served twice as leader of the Liberal Party (1983–1985 and 1989–1990), leading the party to defeat at the 1984 and 1990 elections. He had earlier been a long-serving cabinet minister.

Peacock was born in Melbourne and attended Scotch College before studying law at the University of Melbourne. A former president of the Young Liberals, he was elected to Parliament at the age of 27, filling the blue-ribbon seat of Kooyong, vacated by Sir Robert Menzies. Peacock was appointed to cabinet in 1969 by John Gorton and later served under William McMahon and Malcolm Fraser. He held a variety of portfolios, most notably serving as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1975 to 1980. He unsuccessfully challenged Fraser for the Liberal leadership in 1982, but was then elected as Fraser's successor following the party's defeat at the 1983 election.

At the 1984 election, the Peacock-led Coalition slightly reduced Labor's majority. He resigned the Liberal leadership the following year after failing to have his deputy John Howard removed; he was duly replaced by Howard. He remained a member of the shadow cabinet, and in 1987 unsuccessfully challenged Howard for the leadership; he was instead elected deputy leader. Peacock finally returned as leader in 1989. However, his second term lasted less than a year, as he resigned after another electoral defeat in 1990. Peacock left politics in 1994 and was later appointed Ambassador to the United States (1997–1999). Along with Tom Hughes, he was the last surviving Liberal member of the Second Gorton Ministry (1969-1971) and the McMahon Ministry.

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