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Australian Labor Party
Abbreviation ALP
Leader Anthony Albanese
Deputy Leader Richard Marles
President Wayne Swan
National Secretary Noah Carroll
Founded 8 May 1901; 120 years ago (1901-05-08)
Headquarters 5/9 Sydney Avenue, Barton, Australian Capital Territory
Youth wing Australian Young Labor
LGBT wing Rainbow Labor
Membership (2018) Increase 50,000
National affiliation ACTU
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Socialist International (1966-2014)
Colours      Red
Slogan “A Fair Go For Australia”
House of Representatives
67 / 151
26 / 76
State and territorial governments
5 / 8
State and territorial lower house members
238 / 455
State and territorial upper house members
59 / 155

The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is one of the two major political parties in Australia. The party was formed in 1891, and is the oldest political party in Australia. It is a social democratic party with strong links to the Trade Union movement. Labor governments have not attempted the "democratic socialisation" of any industry since the 1940s, when the Chifley Government failed to nationalise the private banks, and in fact have privatised several industries such as aviation and banking. Labor's current National Platform describes the party as "a modern social democratic party".

Since 1944, their main opponents have been the Liberal Party. The Labor Party most recently formed the Government from 2007 to 2013. This was under Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard, who became the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Labor lost the election to the Liberal Party in September 2013. It currently holds 69 seats in the House of Representatives and 26 seats in the Senate.

In the state and territory parliaments, Labor governs in South Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

Labor 1901c
Group photograph of Federal Labour Party MPs elected to the Australian House of Representatives and Australian Senate at the first 1901 election, including Chris Watson, Andrew Fisher, Billy Hughes, Frank Tudor, King O'Malley and Lee Batchelor.


In the 1860s the trade unions in Australia began to try to get better wages and working conditions for their members. They were defeated by employers, the legal system, and the governments of the Australian colonies. Workers soon decided that they needed to become active in politics, and make changes through parliament. The first meeting of the ALP is said to have taken place in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891. A group of shearers, who were involved in a big strike action, held a meeting in the shade of a large ghost gum (eucalyptus) tree, Corymbia aparrerinja. This tree became known as the "Tree of Knowledge".

Prime Ministers of Australia

Current leaders of States and Territories of Australia

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