Australian Labor Party facts for kids
|Australian Labor Party|
|Founded||8 May 1901|
|Headquarters||161 London Circuit, Canberra Australian Capital Territory 2600|
|Youth wing||Australian Young Labor|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|House of Representatives|
|Politics of Australia
The Australian Labor Party (ALP) is one of the two major political parties in Australia. The party was formed in 1891, and is the oldest political party in Australia. It is a social democratic party with strong links to the Trade Union movement. Labor governments have not attempted the "democratic socialisation" of any industry since the 1940s, when the Chifley Government failed to nationalise the private banks, and in fact have privatised several industries such as aviation and banking. Labor's current National Platform describes the party as "a modern social democratic party".
Since 1944, their main opponents have been the Liberal Party. The Labor Party most recently formed the Government from 2007 to 2013. This was under Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard, who became the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Labor lost the election to the Liberal Party in September 2013. It currently holds 69 seats in the House of Representatives and 26 seats in the Senate.
In the 1860s the trade unions in Australia began to try to get better wages and working conditions for their members. They were defeated by employers, the legal system, and the governments of the Australian colonies. Workers soon decided that they needed to become active in politics, and make changes through parliament. The first meeting of the ALP is said to have taken place in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891. A group of shearers, who were involved in a big strike action, held a meeting in the shade of a large ghost gum (eucalyptus) tree, Corymbia aparrerinja. This tree became known as the "Tree of Knowledge".
Prime Ministers of Australia
- Chris Watson, 1904.
- Andrew Fisher, 1908–1909 and 1910–1913 and 1914–1915.
- Billy Hughes, 1915
- James Scullin, 1929–1932.
- John Curtin, 1941–1945.
- Frank Forde, 1945.
- Ben Chifley, 1945–1949
- Gough Whitlam, 1972–1975.
- Bob Hawke, 1983–1991.
- Paul Keating, 1991–1996.
- Kevin Rudd, 2007–2010.
- Julia Gillard, 2010–2013.
- Kevin Rudd, 2013.
Current leaders of States and Territories of Australia
- Leader of the Opposition (New South Wales) – Luke Foley, since 2015.
- Premier of Victoria – Daniel Andrews, since 2014.
- Premier of Queensland – Annastacia Palaszczuk, since 2015.
- Leader of the Opposition (South Australia) – Peter Malinauskas, since 2018.
- Leader of the Opposition (Tasmania) – Rebecca White, since 2017.
- Premier of Western Australia – Mark McGowan, since 2017.
- Chief Minister of the Northern Territory – Michael Gunner, since 2016.
- Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory – Andrew Barr, since 2014.
Images for kids
Bill Shorten, Labor leader 2013–present
Chris Watson, first leader of then Federal Labour Party 1901–07 (held the balance of power) and Prime Minister in 1904
Andrew Fisher, Prime Minister 1908–09, 1910–13, 1914–15
Billy Hughes, Prime Minister 1915–16
James Scullin, Prime Minister 1929–32
John Curtin, Prime Minister 1941–45
Frank Forde, Prime Minister 1945
Ben Chifley, Prime Minister 1945–49
Gough Whitlam, Prime Minister 1972–75
Bob Hawke, Prime Minister 1983–91
Paul Keating, Prime Minister 1991–96
Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister 2007–10, 2013
Julia Gillard, Prime Minister 2010–13
Australian Labor Party Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.