Bob Hawke facts for kids

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Hon. Bob Hawke
23rd Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991
Preceded by Malcolm Fraser
Succeeded by Paul Keating
Constituency Wills (Victoria)
Personal details
Born (1929-12-09)9 December 1929
Bordertown, South Australia, Australia
Died 16 May 2019(2019-05-16) (aged 89)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Political party Labor
Spouse(s) Hazel Masterson (m.1956–95)
Blanche d'Alpuget (m. 1995–2019)

Robert James Lee "Bob" Hawke (9 December 1929 – 16 May 2019) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia as leader of the Australian Labor Party. He was the third longest serving Prime Minister of Australia.

He was a union leader before he entered parliament in 1980. He became leader only a little while before the 1983 election but he defeated Malcolm Fraser. His government made many changes, like the Whitlam government, but did it more slowly and with more planning. His government moved Labor to the right economically. His leadership was challenged twice by Paul Keating. He lost the second time and retired.

Hawke married twice. During office, he was married to Hazel Hawke née Masterson, a respected "first lady". Just before Hawke became prime minister, author Blanche d'Alpuget wrote a biography about him. Hawke married d'Alpuget in 1995.

By July 1990, Hawke had overtaken Malcolm Fraser as the second longest-serving Australian Prime Minister but on 21 December 2004 the record was overtaken by John Howard, making Hawke the third longest serving Prime Minister.

In May 2019, in the lead-up to the 2019 Australian federal election, Hawke made a joint statement with Keating. They endorsed Labor's economic plan and condemned the Liberal Party for "completely [giving] up the economic reform agenda". They stated that "Shorten's Labor is the only party of government focused on the need to modernise the economy to deal with the major challenge of our time: human induced climate change".

Hawke died on 16 May 2019, aged 89.

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