Bob Hawke facts for kids
Hon. Bob Hawke
|23rd Prime Minister of Australia|
11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991
|Preceded by||Malcolm Fraser|
|Succeeded by||Paul Keating|
9 December 1929|
Bordertown, South Australia, Australia
|Died||16 May 2019
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
|Spouse(s)||Hazel Masterson (m.1956–95)
Blanche d'Alpuget (m. 1995–2019)
Robert James Lee "Bob" Hawke (9 December 1929 – 16 May 2019) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia as leader of the Australian Labor Party. He was the third longest serving Prime Minister of Australia.
He was a union leader before he entered parliament in 1980. He became leader only a little while before the 1983 election but he defeated Malcolm Fraser. His government made many changes, like the Whitlam government, but did it more slowly and with more planning. His government moved Labor to the right economically. His leadership was challenged twice by Paul Keating. He lost the second time and retired.
Hawke married twice. During office, he was married to Hazel Hawke née Masterson, a respected "first lady". Just before Hawke became prime minister, author Blanche d'Alpuget wrote a biography about him. Hawke married d'Alpuget in 1995.
By July 1990, Hawke had overtaken Malcolm Fraser as the second longest-serving Australian Prime Minister but on 21 December 2004 the record was overtaken by John Howard, making Hawke the third longest serving Prime Minister.
In May 2019, in the lead-up to the 2019 Australian federal election, Hawke made a joint statement with Keating. They endorsed Labor's economic plan and condemned the Liberal Party for "completely [giving] up the economic reform agenda". They stated that "Shorten's Labor is the only party of government focused on the need to modernise the economy to deal with the major challenge of our time: human induced climate change".
Hawke died on 16 May 2019, aged 89.
Images for kids
Bob Hawke and Labor Leader Mark Latham unveil a plaque in 2004 to commemorate the centenary of the Watson Labor Government in 1904.
Bob Hawke Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.