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Bima

Mbojo
City
A bus on the street in the City of Bima at noon.
A bus on the street in the City of Bima at noon.
Official seal of Bima
Seal
Motto(s): 
Maja Labo Dahu (Bima)
(Shame and Fear)
Bima in West Nusa Tenggara
Country  Indonesia
Province  West Nusa Tenggara
Region Lesser Sunda Islands
Area
 • Total 222.25 km2 (85.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total 148,984
 • Density 670.344/km2 (1,736.18/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code (+62) 374
Vehicle registration EA
Website www.bimakota.go.id

Bima (Indonesia: Kota Bima) is a city on the eastern coast of the island Sumbawa. It is in the central Indonesian province called West Nusa Tenggara. It is the largest city on the island. The population was 142,443 at the 2010 Census. It is not part of the Regency of Bima which had a population of 407,636 at the 2010 Census.

History

COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Groep hoofden voor de woning van de plaatsvervanger van de Sultan van Bima Radja Naib die in het midden zit TMnr 10001747
Sultan of Bima, Raja Naib, sitting in the middle of a group.

From 1620 to 1958 it was the capital of the Bima Sultanate, one of the four sultanates on Sumbawa. Today, Bima is the largest regional and economic center of Eastern Sumbawa. People from other parts of Indonesia, especially Java, Bali, and Lombok came to live in the city.

People

The majority of the people in Bima are Muslims (97.38%). The rest are Protestant (0.89%), Catholic Christians (0.62%), and Hindus and Buddhists around (1.11%). The people of Bima and all of east Sumbawa speak Bima language.

Place

The city is on the eastern shore of Bima Bay. Bima is on the Sumbawa road. Sape harbor is to the east and Dompu to the southwest. Historically, Bima was a port city that connected to other port cities in Eastern Indonesia such as Makassar and Ternate, and to ports in Lombok, Bali, and East Java. Bus services from Bima go to neighboring cities in Sumbawa and as far as Mataram in Lombok.

Airport

Sultan Muhammad Salahudin Airport (Bima Airport), is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the city.

Airlines Destinations 
Garuda Indonesia Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali
NAM Air Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali, Lombok International Airport, Mataram, Lombok
Susi Air Komodo Airport, Labuan Bajo, Mau Hau Airport, Waingapu
Wings Air Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali]], Lombok International Airport, Mataram, Lombok, Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, Makassar

Administration

Asakota
Asakota

Bima has 5 districts (kecamatan):

  • Raba
  • West Rasanae
  • East Rasanae
  • Mpunda
  • Asakota

Tourism

Child dancers, Sumbawa
Dance in the Sultan's Palace

Bima has several popular tourist destinations, such as Mount Tambora, Wawo traditional Village, Snake Island, Ana Fari Lake, and Satonda Island. There are many white sandy beaches in north and sout Bima. The main attractions are the Sultan Salahuddin Mosque and Sultan Salahuddin Museum. The museum used to be the Bima Sultanate palace. Bima airport serves domestic and international visitors

Sister cities

  • Hägerdal, Hans (2017), Held's History of Sumbawa. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.[1]
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