A satellite composite image of Canada. Boreal forests, visible as darker shades of green, prevail throughout most of the country, including the Arctic
, the eastern slopes of the northern Coast Mountains and the Saint Elias Mountains.
Boreal forests occur in the more southern parts of the Taiga
ecoregion that spreads across the northern parts of the world.
Distribution of taiga and boreal forests in North America (dark blue area in Canada and Alaska).
Canada's boreal forest comprises about one third of the circumpolar boreal forest that rings the northern hemisphere, mostly north of the 50th parallel.
Images for kids
The Canada warbler nests on the ground in boreal forests.
Typical upland taiga in Quebec
The Calypso orchid grows in the shade of boreal forest.
A Sphagnum bog with spruce trees on a forested ridge in the background
Sheep laurel grows in clearings and shallow soils. It can form extensive shrub barrens after logging.
Fireweed is a native wildflower that grows after forest fires.
A skidder is used to clear forest and move logs.