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Brallier Formation
Stratigraphic range: Frasnian - Famennian
Brallier Formation PA Turnpike MM138.JPG
Outcrop of Brallier Formation on north side of Pennsylvania Turnpike, central Bedford County, near Mile Marker 138
Type sedimentary
Sub-units Black Creek Siltstone Member, Minnehaha Springs Member
Underlies Greenland Gap Group and Scherr Formation
Overlies Harrell Formation
Thickness 1350 to 1800 feet in central PA
Primary shale, sandstone
Region Appalachian Mountains
Country United States
Extent Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
Type section
Named by Charles Butts, 1918

The Devonian Brallier Formation is a mapped bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia.


The Brallier Formation was described by Charles Butts in 1918 as a fine-grained, siliceous shale with few fine-grained sandstone layers, from outcrops in central Pennsylvania. Others expanded usage of the term to rocks in other states.


The Brallier is roughly equivalent to the Scherr Formation.

The contact with the underlying Harrell Formation is generally gradational.


Hasson and Dennison reported the following fossils from outcrops of the lower Brallier at Keyser, West Virginia, Ridgeville, West Virginia, and McCoole, Maryland:

  • Bivalvia: Buchiola retrostriata, Paracardium doris, Pterochaenia fragilis
  • Cephalopoda: Bactrites, Orthoceras filosum
  • Cricoconarida (class of Mollusca): Styliolina fissurella
  • Annelida: Pteridichnites biseriatus

Notable Exposures

Type locality is at a railway station 6 miles northeast of Everett, Bedford County, Pennsylvania.

A large exposure is located in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, along the ramp from U.S. Route 22 west to Route 26 north.

Brallier Formation Route 26 Huntingdon Pennsylvania
Part of the exposure at Huntingdon


Relative age dating places the Brallier in the late Devonian.

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