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2018 Brazilian general election facts for kids

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2018 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2)
Second round results
Candidats premier tour 2018 bresil
First round results

General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President and Vice President and other political figures in the nation.

The first round of the presidential election was held on 7 October 2018. Jair Bolsonaro won 46% of the vote with Fernando Haddad winning 29.3%. Since no candidate won more than 50% of the vote, a second round was held on 28 October 2018 with Bolsonaro being elected President.

Background

The 2014 elections Dilma Rousseff re-elected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote.

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment process against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies. Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, became Acting President of Brazil. On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office. Vice President Temer replaced Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil.

Suspensions

Even though current President Temer said he would not run, he received an eight-year ban from holding office on 2 June 2016 for violating election laws.

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva said he would run for the presidency again, but was arrested for money laundering and found guilty. On August 1, 2018, the Higher Electoral Court Minister, Luiz Fux, confirmed the decision that the former president Lula is ineligible to run for elections in 2018.

Candidates

Second round

The following candidates advanced to the second round as they were placed in the top two candidates following the voting:

Defeated in first round

The following candidates were eliminated in the first round of the election as they were placed third or lower in the final votes:

Opinion polling

First round

Second round

Results

Second round

Candidate Party Running mate Party Votes %
Jair Bolsonaro PSL Hamilton Mourão PRTB 53,967,344 55.6
Fernando Haddad PT Manuela d'Ávila PCdoB 43,047,628 44.4

First round

Candidate Party Running mate Party Votes %
Jair Bolsonaro Social Liberal Party Hamilton Mourão Brazilian Labour Renewal Party 49,184,240 46.1
Fernando Haddad Workers' Party Manuela d'Ávila Communist Party of Brazil 31,058,828 29.1
Ciro Gomes Democratic Labor Party Kátia Abreu Democratic Labor Party 13,311,642 12.5
Geraldo Alckmin Brazilian Social Democracy Party Ana Amélia Progressistas 5,083,445 4.8
João Amoêdo New Party Christian Lohbauer New Party 2,676,840 2.5
Cabo Daciolo Patriota Suelene Balduino Patriota 1,343,944 1.3
Henrique Meirelles Brazilian Democratic Movement Germano Rigotto Brazilian Democratic Movement 1,284,796 1.2
Marina Silva Sustainability Network Eduardo Jorge Green Party 1,066,893 1.0
Álvaro Dias Podemos Paulo Rabello de Castro Social Christian Party 858,693 0.8
Guilherme Boulos Socialism and Liberty Party Sônia Guajajara Socialism and Liberty Party 615,924 0.6
Vera Lúcia United Socialist Workers' Party Hertz Dias United Socialist Workers' Party 55,620 0.1
José Maria Eymael Christian Democracy Hélvio Costa Christian Democracy 41,615 0.1
João Vicente Goulart Free Homeland Party Léo Dias Free Homeland Party 30,081 0.1
Invalid/blank votes N/A
Total 106,612,561 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: TSE via Reuters


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