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Brigantine, New Jersey
City
City of Brigantine
View of Brigantine from Ocean Casino Resort
View of Brigantine from Ocean Casino Resort
Motto(s): 
"An island you'll love for life!"
Map of Brigantine in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County in New Jersey.
Map of Brigantine in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brigantine, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Brigantine, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 39°25′38″N 74°23′23″W / 39.427291°N 74.389617°W / 39.427291; -74.389617Coordinates: 39°25′38″N 74°23′23″W / 39.427291°N 74.389617°W / 39.427291; -74.389617
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Atlantic
European discovery September 2, 1608
Incorporated June 14, 1890
Named for Wrecks of brigantines
Government
 • Type Faulkner Act (council–manager)
 • Body City Council
Area
 • Total 10.86 sq mi (28.14 km2)
 • Land 6.52 sq mi (16.89 km2)
 • Water 4.34 sq mi (11.25 km2)  39.98%
Area rank 203rd of 565 in state
11th of 23 in county
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total 9,450
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,650
 • Rank 252nd of 566 in state
9th of 23 in county
 • Density 1,479.5/sq mi (571.2/km2)
 • Density rank 338th of 566 in state
10th of 23 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08203
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 264, 266
FIPS code 3400107810
GNIS feature ID 0885171

Brigantine (or simply The Island) is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 9,450, reflecting a decline of 3,144 (-25.0%) from the 12,594 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,240 (+10.9%) from the 11,354 counted in the 1990 Census.

What is now the City of Brigantine has passed through a series of names and re-incorporations since it was first created. The area was originally incorporated as Brigantine Beach Borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 14, 1890, from portions of Galloway Township, based on the results of a referendum held on June 3, 1890. On April 23, 1897, the area was reincorporated as the City of Brigantine City. This name lasted until April 9, 1914, when it was renamed the City of East Atlantic City. On March 16, 1924, Brigantine was incorporated as a city, replacing East Atlantic City and incorporating further portions of Galloway Township. The borough was named for the many shipwrecks in the area, including those of brigantines.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Brigantine as its 36th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 10.364 square miles (26.844 km2), including 6.387 square miles (16.543 km2) of land and 3.977 square miles (10.301 km2) of water (38.37%). Brigantine is located on Brigantine Island.

The only road to and from Brigantine is New Jersey Route 87, locally known as Brigantine Boulevard. The Justice Vincent S. Haneman Memorial Bridge is the only way on and off the island. The original bridge to the island that was constructed in 1924 was destroyed in the Great Atlantic Hurricane of 1944. The current bridge was constructed in 1972.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brigantine has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 99
1910 67 −32.3%
1920 12 −82.1%
1930 357 2,875.0%
1940 403 12.9%
1950 1,267 214.4%
1960 4,201 231.6%
1970 6,741 60.5%
1980 8,318 23.4%
1990 11,354 36.5%
2000 12,594 10.9%
2010 9,450 −25.0%
2019 (est.) 8,650 −8.5%
Population sources:
1900-2000 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,450 people, 4,294 households, and 2,521 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,479.5 per square mile (571.2/km2). There were 9,222 housing units at an average density of 1,443.8 per square mile (557.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 87.33% (8,253) White, 2.91% (275) Black or African American, 0.17% (16) Native American, 4.72% (446) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 2.51% (237) from other races, and 2.33% (220) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.88% (650) of the population.

There were 4,294 households out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the city, the population was spread out with 16.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,212 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,472) and the median family income was $79,318 (+/- $7,962). Males had a median income of $55,595 (+/- $5,655) versus $42,622 (+/- $5,179) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,571 (+/- $3,305). About 5.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Brigantine
Beach at Brigantine, on the Atlantic Ocean side of the island
  • Brigantine Lighthouse - Constructed by the Island Development Real Estate Company in 1926 as part of an effort to attract residents to the island, the structure was too far from shore and too low to be used as a functioning lighthouse and has been used over the years as headquarters for the Brigantine Police Department, as a museum and as a gift shop, in addition to be a central identifying symbol of the city.
  • Marine Mammal Stranding Center - Established in 1978 as the state's only marine stranding center, the center rehabilitates and releases stranded marine mammals and sea turtles, rescuing more than 3,900 whales, dolphins, seals and sea turtles since it was formed.
  • Part of the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge is located on the northern end of Brigantine Island. The Refuge provides crucial habitat for many different types of endangered or threatened birds, including the American bald eagle, peregrine falcon, American black duck, and the piping plover.
  • The Brigantine Hotel, still standing on the Atlantic coast side of the island, was an early integrated hotel starting in the 1940s, and was owned for a period by Father Divine's International Peace Mission movement.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 64.45 miles (103.72 km) of roadways, of which 60.54 miles (97.43 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.74 miles (6.02 km) by Atlantic County, 0.06 miles (0.097 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.11 miles (0.18 km) by the South Jersey Transportation Authority.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provide bus service to and from Atlantic City on the 501 route.

Education

The Brigantine Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 563 students and 68.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.3:1. The district's board of education has seven members who set policy and oversee the fiscal and educational operation of the district through its administration. As a Type I school district, the board's trustees are appointed by the Mayor to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three members up for reappointment each year. Of the more than 600 school districts statewide, Brigantine is one of 15 districts with appointed school districts. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Brigantine Elementary School with 329 students in grades PreK-4 and Brigantine North Middle School with 254 students in grades 5–8.

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades, along with those from Longport, Margate City and Ventnor City, attend Atlantic City High School in neighboring Atlantic City, as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Atlantic City School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,796 students and 153.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1.

City public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Brigantine include:

  • Ray Birdwhistell (1918-1994), anthropologist who founded kinesics as a field of inquiry and research.
  • Dan Borislow (1961-2014), entrepreneur, sports team owner, inventor and thoroughbred horse breeder.
  • Mark A. Brown (born 1961), gaming industry executive who has been CEO of Trump Hotels and Casinos Inc. and President of The Venetian Macao, Sands Macao and The Four Seasons Macau.
  • Angelo Coia (1938-2013), football end who played in the NFL for the Chicago Bears, the Washington Redskins and the Atlanta Falcons.
  • Vincent S. Haneman (1902-1978), Associate Justice of New Jersey Supreme Court 1960 to 1971, served eight years as Brigantine's mayor.
  • Amy Kennedy (born 1978), educator, mental health advocate and politician who is the Democratic Party nominee in the 2020 elections seeking to represent New Jersey's 2nd congressional district.
  • Brett Kennedy (born 1994), pitcher for the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball.
  • Patrick J. Kennedy (born 1967), former member of United States House of Representatives.
  • Guy Marks (1923-1987), actor, comedian, singer and impressionist, familiar face on TV sitcoms and variety shows of 1960s and 1970s.
  • Harry Olivieri (1916-2006), co-creator of the Philly cheesesteak and owner of Pat's King of Steaks.
  • Carol Plum-Ucci (born 1957), young adult novelist and essayist.
  • John Rosenbaum (1934-2003), California artist and educator.
  • Katherine Shindle (born 1977), actress, singer, dancer and AIDS activist who was Miss America 1998 and Miss Illinois 1997.
  • Slappy White (1921-1995), comedian and actor.

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