Galloway Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Galloway Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Galloway
Oliphant Grist Mill
Oliphant Grist Mill
Map of Galloway Township in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Galloway Township in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Galloway Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Galloway Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Atlantic
Royal charter April 4, 1774
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Joseph Galloway or
Mull of Galloway
Area
 • Total 115.213 sq mi (298.402 km2)
 • Land 89.074 sq mi (230.701 km2)
 • Water 26.139 sq mi (67.701 km2)  22.69%
Area rank 1st of 566 in state
1st of 23 in county
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 37,349
 • Estimate (2015) 37,291
 • Rank 61st of 566 in state
3rd of 23 in county
 • Density 419.3/sq mi (161.9/km2)
 • Density rank 456th of 566 in state
13th of 23 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08201, 08205
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 404, 652, 748
FIPS code 3400125560
GNIS feature ID 0882052
Website www.gtnj.org

Galloway Township is a township in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. At 115.2 square miles (298 km2) of total area, Galloway Township is the largest municipality in the State of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,349, reflecting an increase of 6,140 (+19.7%) from the 31,209 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,879 (+33.8%) from the 23,330 counted in the 1990 Census; The increase of more than 14,000 in population since the 1990 Census was the 11th-highest in the state.

Galloway Township was incorporated by Royal charter on April 4, 1774, from portions of Egg Harbor Township, when it was still part of Gloucester County. Galloway was incorporated as one of the initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. After becoming part of the newly formed Atlantic County in 1837, portions of the township were taken to create Mullica Township (March 13, 1838), Egg Harbor City (June 14, 1858), Absecon town (February 29, 1872), Brigantine Beach borough (now Brigantine city; June 14, 1890) and Port Republic (March 1, 1905).

History

The Township of Galloway was created by Royal Patent of King George III of Great Britain on April 4, 1774. At that time it was part of Gloucester County, and comprised what is now Hammonton, Mullica Township, Egg Harbor City, Port Republic, Brigantine, Atlantic City, and the northern portion of Absecon. Galloway Township was incorporated by the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of the state's initial group of 104 townships under the Township Act of 1798.

For thousands of years, the area of Galloway Township was occupied by different cultures of indigenous peoples. The Lenape Native Americans were the historic tribe who occupied the area at the time of European encounter. They were one of the many Algonguian language peoples of the East Coast.

They were followed by European settlers, primarily English in the early years of colonial settlement. Historians are uncertain of the source of Galloway Township's name. One theory is that it was named after an area known as Galloway now part of the modern region of Dumfries and Galloway in southern Scotland. An alternative derivation is that the Township was named for Joseph Galloway, a Loyalist delegate to the First Continental Congress in 1774, who was opposed to independence of the Thirteen colonies. During the American Revolutionary War, Galloway was the site of the Battle of Chestnut Neck, in what is now a part of Port Republic.

During the spring of 2007, a large swath of oak and other hardwood trees were defoliated by the Gypsy moth caterpillar. Due to budget constraints, the township did not apply for spraying through the State of New Jersey, and the gypsy moths flourished.

On the morning of August 28, 2011, Tropical Storm Irene made its second U.S. landfall in Brigantine, though initial reports placed it at the Little Egg Inlet on the border with Little Egg Harbor Township. At the time it was believed to be the first hurricane to make landfall in New Jersey since 1903, but later analysis by the National Hurricane Center determined that the storm had weakened to tropical storm status by the time it made its second landfall.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 115.213 square miles (298.402 km2), including 89.074 square miles (230.701 km2) of land and 26.139 square miles (67.701 km2) of water (22.69%).

Pomona (2010 Census population of 7,124) and Smithville (2010 Census population of 7,242) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Galloway Township.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Absecon, Absecon Highlands, Brigantine Junction, Cologne, Cologne Station, Conovertown, Doughtys, Germania, Hewittville, Higbeetown, Island Beach, Johnsontown, Leeds Point, Oceanville, Pinehurst, Pomerania, South Egg Harbor, Somersville and the "Township Center".

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Parts of the township are included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Atlantic County, along with areas in Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,648
1820 1,895 15.0%
1830 2,960 56.2%
1840 2,208 * −25.4%
1850 2,307 4.5%
1860 2,735 * 18.6%
1870 2,860 4.6%
1880 2,337 * −18.3%
1890 2,208 −5.5%
1900 2,469 11.8%
1910 1,976 * −20.0%
1920 2,115 7.0%
1930 3,416 61.5%
1940 3,457 1.2%
1950 4,140 19.8%
1960 5,634 36.1%
1970 8,276 46.9%
1980 12,176 47.1%
1990 23,330 91.6%
2000 31,209 33.8%
2010 37,349 19.7%
Est. 2015 37,291 −0.2%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1810-1830
1840-2000 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 37,349 people, 13,067 households, and 9,173 families residing in the township. The population density was 419.3 per square mile (161.9/km2). There were 14,132 housing units at an average density of 158.7 per square mile (61.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 71.92% (26,860) White, 11.44% (4,271) Black or African American, 0.27% (99) Native American, 10.02% (3,744) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 3.39% (1,266) from other races, and 2.95% (1,100) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.05% (3,752) of the population.

There were 13,067 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 14.3% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $65,908 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,931) and the median family income was $76,106 (+/- $2,675). Males had a median income of $50,516 (+/- $3,544) versus $40,663 (+/- $2,096) for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,302 (+/- $2,134). About 5.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 31,209 people, 10,772 households, and 7,680 families residing in the township. The population density was 344.9 people per square mile (133.2/km²). There were 11,406 housing units at an average density of 126.1 per square mile (48.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 77.16% White, 9.80% African American, 0.24% Native American, 8.00% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.59% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.16% of the population.

There were 10,772 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 13.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $51,595, and the median income for a family was $57,156. Males had a median income of $38,048 versus $31,167 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,048. About 4.4% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 253.48 miles (407.94 km) of roadways, of which 171.70 miles (276.32 km) were maintained by the municipality, 59.44 miles (95.66 km) by Atlantic County and 16.66 miles (26.81 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 5.68 miles (9.14 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

The Garden State Parkway passes through the township, extending 5.7 miles (9.2 km) from Egg Harbor Township in the south to Port Republic in the north. Included in the township are Interchange 40 for U.S. Route 30 White Horse Pike East, Interchange 41 for Route 561 Jimmie Leeds Road, and Interchange 44 for Route 575 Pomona. It was on this stretch of the Parkway that Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine was involved in a serious accident on April 12, 2007.

Also passing through the township are Route 50 and U.S. Route 30, along with CR 561, CR 561 Alternate, CR 563 and CR 575.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service to Atlantic City on routes 508 (from the Hamilton Mall), 554 (from Lindenwold station) and 559 (from Lakewood Township).

Points of interest

  • Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, whose headquarters and visitor center are located in the township.
  • The Federal Aviation Administration's William J. Hughes Technical Center in the Pomona section of the township.
  • Galloway National Golf Club, designed by Tom Fazio, has been recognized by Golf Digest as one of its Best New Courses of 1994.
  • Historic Smithville and Village Greene
  • Renault Winery
  • Stockton Seaview Hotel and Golf Club, hosted the 1942 PGA Championship and was host of the ShopRite LPGA Classic in 1986-87, from 1998-2006 and again starting in 2010.
  • Sylvin Farms Winery

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