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Bunker Hill, Kansas facts for kids

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Bunker Hill, Kansas
Location within Russell County and Kansas
Location within Russell County and Kansas
KDOT map of Russell County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Russell
Founded 1871
Incorporated 1886
Named for 1860s mail station
Area
 • Total 1.39 sq mi (3.59 km2)
 • Land 1.39 sq mi (3.59 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,860 ft (570 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 103
 • Density 74.1/sq mi (28.69/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67626
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-09225
GNIS ID 475228

Bunker Hill is a city in Russell County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 103.

History

J. B. Corbett and Valentine Harbaugh, leaders of a colony from Ohio, founded Bunker Hill at a site on the Kansas Pacific Railway in the summer of 1871. The settlement received its name from a Butterfield Overland Despatch station, built in 1865, that had preceded it on the site. County commissioners declared Bunker Hill the county seat in 1872, but, two years later, a popular vote moved the seat to nearby Russell. Many Bunker Hill residents moved with it, stunting the growth and development of the town. By 1883, a small business community emerged, including a hotel, flour mill, and several shops.

Geography

Bunker Hill is located at 38°52′29″N 98°42′10″W / 38.87472°N 98.70278°W / 38.87472; -98.70278 (38.874716, -98.702759), at an elevation of 1,860 feet (567 m). Located in north-central Kansas, Bunker Hill is 108 miles (174 km) northwest of Wichita and 221 miles (355 km) west of Kansas City. Located 1 mile (1.7 km) north of Interstate 70, it is roughly 8 miles (13 km) east of Russell, the county seat.

The community lies in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains approximately 5 miles (8 km) north of the Smoky Hill River and 7 miles (11 km) south of the Saline River. Wilson Lake lies 6 miles (10 km) to the northeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.38 square miles (3.57 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bunker Hill has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 135
1890 157 16.3%
1910 242
1920 268 10.7%
1930 298 11.2%
1940 253 −15.1%
1950 271 7.1%
1960 200 −26.2%
1970 181 −9.5%
1980 124 −31.5%
1990 111 −10.5%
2000 101 −9.0%
2010 95 −5.9%
2020 103 8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 95 people, 47 households, and 21 families residing in the city. The population density was 67.9 people per square mile (26.4/km2). There were 66 housing units at an average density of 47.1 per square mile (18.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, 1.1% Asian, and 1.1% from some other race. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 47 households, of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples living together, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.3% were non-families. 53.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 42.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 14.8% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 27.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males age 18 and over.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,875, and the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $30,313 versus $37,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,661. 4.2% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Points of interest

The Bunker Hill Museum, located in an old limestone church one block east of Main Street, displays documents and artifacts from the community's history.

In popular culture and the arts

Bunker Hill is the setting and namesake of the 2008 film Bunker Hill.

Economy

As of 2012, 70.7% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.0% was in the armed forces, and 70.7% was in the civilian labor force with 70.7% being employed and 0.0% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 34.5% in service occupations; 32.8% in sales and office occupations; 17.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 12.1% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; 3.4% in production, transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: retail trade (27.6%); arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (13.8%); and wholesale trade (13.8%).

The cost of living in Bunker Hill is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 80.0. As of 2012, the median home value in the city was $45,000, the median selected monthly owner cost was $717 for housing units with a mortgage and $275 for those without, and the median gross rent was $913.

Education

The community is served by Russell County USD 407 public school district. The district high school is Russel High School located in Russell.

Bunker Hill schools were closed through school unification. The Bunker Hill High School mascot was White Owls.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 run concurrently east-west a mile south of the city. Bunker Hill-Luray Road, a paved county road, runs north-south along the city's western edge.

Union Pacific Railroad operates one freight rail line, its Kansas Pacific (KP) Line, through Bunker Hill. The line runs east-west through the community.

Utilities

Western Electric provides electricity to local residents. Rural Telephone provides landline telephone service, and Nex-Tech offers cable television and internet access. Most residents use natural gas for heating fuel; service is provided by Midwest Energy, Inc.

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Bunker Hill include:

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Athletes:
DeHart Hubbard
Wilma Rudolph
Jesse Owens
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Major Taylor
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