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Russell County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 38°55′N 98°46′W / 38.917°N 98.767°W / 38.917; -98.767

Russell County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Russell County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 26, 1867
Seat Russell
Largest City Russell
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

899 sq mi (2,328 km²)
886 sq mi (2,295 km²)
13 sq mi (34 km²), 1.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,970
7.9/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Alva P. Russell
Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Russell County
1915-1918 Railroad Map of Russell County

Russell County (standard abbreviation: RS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,970. The largest city and county seat is Russell.

Russell, the county seat, was the home of former U.S. Senate Majority leader and 1996 GOP presidential nominee Robert Dole for many years. It was also the boyhood home of U.S. Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, who was born in Wichita.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Russell County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 886 square miles (2,290 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

The city of Russell is the junction of Interstate 70, a major east-west highway through the Midwestern United States, and U.S. Route 281, which begins at the Canada–US border in North Dakota and ends at the Mexico–US border in Texas. I-70 also runs through Gorham on the western end of the county and Dorrance on the eastern end. Hays is 27 miles (43 km) west of Russell and Salina is 67 miles (108 km) east of Russell.

Further along I-70, Russell is approximately 250 miles (400 km) west of Kansas City, Missouri and 360 miles (580 km) east of Denver, Colorado.

K-18, a major east-west state highway in northern Kansas, enters from Osborne County to the west and runs through Paradise before joining up with US 281 through Waldo. US 281 and K-18 split again at the city limits of Luray, and K-18 continues east through Lucas and into Lincoln County. US 281 heads north into Osborne County.

South of I-70, US 281 heads into Barton County and towards the city of Great Bend.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 156
1880 7,351 4,612.2%
1890 7,333 −0.2%
1900 8,489 15.8%
1910 10,800 27.2%
1920 10,748 −0.5%
1930 11,045 2.8%
1940 13,464 21.9%
1950 13,406 −0.4%
1960 11,348 −15.4%
1970 9,428 −16.9%
1980 8,868 −5.9%
1990 7,835 −11.6%
2000 7,370 −5.9%
2010 6,970 −5.4%
Est. 2015 7,039 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Russell County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,370 people, 3,207 households, and 2,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,871 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.58% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,207 households out of which 25.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 24.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,284, and the median income for a family was $40,355. Males had a median income of $25,916 versus $17,957 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,073. About 9.10% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Russell Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Russell County (map legend)

Cities

Townships

Russell County is divided into twelve townships. The city of Russell is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Big Creek 06700 Gorham 515 3 (7) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°51′40″N 98°59′8″W / 38.86111°N 98.98556°W / 38.86111; -98.98556
Center 12150 Bunker Hill 255 1 (2) 359 (139) 9 (3) 2.41% 38°51′7″N 98°40′29″W / 38.85194°N 98.67472°W / 38.85194; -98.67472
Fairfield 22200 42 0 (1) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°44′37″N 98°46′0″W / 38.74361°N 98.766667°W / 38.74361; -98.766667
Fairview 22650 Lucas 526 3 (7) 185 (71) 1 (1) 0.77% 39°2′16″N 98°31′54″W / 39.03778°N 98.53167°W / 39.03778; -98.53167
Grant 28100 159 1 (3) 135 (52) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°49′41″N 98°50′31″W / 38.82806°N 98.84194°W / 38.82806; -98.84194
Lincoln 41125 Milberger 147 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°44′40″N 98°51′54″W / 38.74444°N 98.865°W / 38.74444; -98.865
Luray 43275 Luray 270 1 (4) 183 (71) 2 (1) 0.94% 39°5′6″N 98°40′3″W / 39.085°N 98.6675°W / 39.085; -98.6675
Paradise 54350 Paradise 169 0 (1) 372 (144) 1 (0) 0.16% 39°3′9″N 98°55′31″W / 39.0525°N 98.92528°W / 39.0525; -98.92528
Plymouth 56925 Dorrance 319 1 (3) 255 (98) 24 (9) 8.50% 38°50′46″N 98°33′4″W / 38.84611°N 98.55111°W / 38.84611; -98.55111
Russell 61850 89 1 (2) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°54′40″N 98°51′27″W / 38.91111°N 98.8575°W / 38.91111; -98.8575
Waldo 74600 Waldo 108 1 (2) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.19% 39°3′10″N 98°46′14″W / 39.05278°N 98.77056°W / 39.05278; -98.77056
Winterset 80125 75 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°44′15″N 98°59′30″W / 38.7375°N 98.99167°W / 38.7375; -98.99167
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