Great Bend, Kansas facts for kids

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Great Bend, Kansas
City
Downtown Great Bend (2012)
Downtown Great Bend (2012)
Location within Barton County and Kansas
Location within Barton County and Kansas
KDOT map of Barton County (legend)
KDOT map of Barton County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barton
Founded 1871
Incorporated 1872
Area
 • Total 10.71 sq mi (27.74 km2)
 • Land 10.60 sq mi (27.45 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation 1,850 ft (564 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,995
 • Estimate (2015) 15,717
 • Density 1,493.5/sq mi (576.60/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67530
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-28300
GNIS feature ID 0475650
Website GreatBendKS.net

Great Bend is a city in and the county seat of Barton County, Kansas, United States. It is named for its location at the point where the course of the Arkansas River bends east then southeast. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 15,995.

History

Great Bend, Missouri River, at Kansas City (Boston Public Library) (cropped)
Great Bend, Kansas, ca. 1869
See also: History of Kansas

Prior to American settlement of the area, the site of Great Bend was located in the northern reaches of Kiowa territory. Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and later acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it lay within the area organized by the U.S. as Kansas Territory in 1854. Kansas became a state in 1861, and the state government delineated the surrounding area as Barton County in 1867.

The first settlers of the area arrived in 1870. Living in sod houses and dugouts, they worked as buffalo hunters since trampling by bison herds precluded crop farming. In 1871, the Great Bend Town Company, anticipating the westward construction of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, founded Great Bend at a site roughly three miles west of Fort Zarah on the Santa Fe Trail. They named the settlement after its location at the "great bend" in the Arkansas River where the river’s course turns eastward. The town began to grow as more settlers arrived over the following year and opened several businesses.

Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Barton County
1915 Railroad Map of Barton County

The railroad reached Great Bend in July 1872, and an election at about the same time declared the town the permanent county seat. Great Bend was incorporated as a city soon thereafter. The county courthouse and the city’s first public school were built the following year.

In 1873, following the arrival of the railroad, Great Bend became a shipping point for cattle. This stimulated local business but also transformed the city into a rowdy, violent cowtown. In 1876, the Kansas Legislature extended the legal "dead line" restricting the presence of Texas cattle 30 miles west of Barton County. The cattle trade moved westward accordingly, and the city became more peaceful.

Over the following decades, Great Bend continued to grow and modernize, becoming a center of area commerce. This was despite two disasters which struck the city: a downtown fire in 1878 and a smallpox outbreak in 1882 which resulted in a brief quarantine. In 1886, local speculators began to fund exploration for petroleum in the area. By 1930, the oil and gas industry brought more than $20 million annually to the county. More than 3,000 wells produced during the 1930s, and the influx of workers dramatically increased the city’s population.

The U.S. Army Air Forces opened Great Bend Army Airfield west of the city in 1943. The base served as training facility for B-29 bomber aircraft personnel during World War II. After the war, the City of Great Bend acquired the base and repurposed it for civilian use as Great Bend Municipal Airport.

The city continued to grow through the 1950s, its population peaking at almost 17,000 in 1960. In 1973, the Fuller Brush Company relocated its production facilities to Great Bend, becoming one of the city’s major employers. Despite a modest decline in population in recent decades, Great Bend continues to serve as a commercial center for central Kansas.

Geography

Great Bend is located at 38°21′52″N 98°45′53″W / 38.36444°N 98.76472°W / 38.36444; -98.76472 (38.3644567, -98.7648073) at an elevation of 1,850 feet (564 m). Located in central Kansas at the intersection of U.S. Route 281 and U.S. Route 56, Great Bend is 95 miles (153 km) northwest of Wichita, 235 miles (378 km) west-southwest of Kansas City, and 345 miles (555 km) east-southeast of Denver.

Lying in the Great Bend Sand Prairie region of the Great Plains, the city is situated on the north side of the Arkansas River where the river's course shifts from northeast to southeast. Dry Walnut Creek, a tributary of nearby Walnut Creek, flows east along the northern edge of the city. Cheyenne Bottoms, a large inland wetland, is located approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the northeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.71 square miles (27.74 km2), of which 10.60 square miles (27.45 km2) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) is water.

Climate

Located near the convergence of North America's humid continental (Köppen Dfa), humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa), and semi-arid (Köppen BSk) climate zones, Great Bend experiences hot summers and cold, dry winters. On average, January is the coldest month, July the hottest and May is the wettest. The hottest temperature recorded in Great Bend was 111 °F (44 °C) in 1980; the coldest temperature recorded was -21 °F (-29 °C) in 1989.

The average temperature is 57 °F (14 °C). Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to an average high of 94 °F (34 °C) in July. The high temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 70 days a year and reaches or exceeds 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 13 days a year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 112 days a year. The first fall freeze typically takes place by the third week of October, and the last spring freeze by the second week of April.

Great Bend receives 27 inches (690 mm) of precipitation during an average year, and there are, on average, 71 days of measurable precipitation each year. The average relative humidity is 67%. Annual snowfall averages 17 inches (43 cm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of seven days a year with at least an inch of snow being received on six of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 23 days a year.

Climate data for Great Bend, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26.1)
85
(29.4)
91
(32.8)
101
(38.3)
102
(38.9)
111
(43.9)
111
(43.9)
110
(43.3)
106
(41.1)
98
(36.7)
90
(32.2)
79
(26.1)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7.2)
50
(10)
60
(15.6)
71
(21.7)
79
(26.1)
88
(31.1)
94
(34.4)
92
(33.3)
84
(28.9)
72
(22.2)
57
(13.9)
45
(7.2)
69.8
(20.97)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(-6.1)
25
(-3.9)
33
(0.6)
43
(6.1)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
68
(20)
67
(19.4)
58
(14.4)
45
(7.2)
33
(0.6)
23
(-5)
44.4
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) −17
(-27.2)
−19
(-28.3)
−6
(-21.1)
14
(-10)
25
(-3.9)
39
(3.9)
45
(7.2)
45
(7.2)
29
(-1.7)
16
(-8.9)
−4
(-20)
−21
(-29.4)
−21
(-29.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.61
(15.5)
0.86
(21.8)
1.94
(49.3)
2.36
(59.9)
4.38
(111.3)
3.97
(100.8)
3.41
(86.6)
3.33
(84.6)
1.96
(49.8)
2.05
(52.1)
0.97
(24.6)
0.85
(21.6)
26.69
(677.9)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.9
(12.4)
4.1
(10.4)
2.6
(6.6)
0.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.0
(2.5)
3.6
(9.1)
16.9
(42.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.1 4.1 6.2 6.8 8.8 8.2 7.3 7.4 6.0 5.7 3.9 3.8 71.3
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.9 1.8 1.2 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 1.7 7.2
Source: National Weather Service; The Weather Channel

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,071
1890 2,450 128.8%
1900 2,470 0.8%
1910 4,622 87.1%
1920 4,460 −3.5%
1930 5,548 24.4%
1940 9,044 63.0%
1950 12,665 40.0%
1960 16,670 31.6%
1970 16,133 −3.2%
1980 16,608 2.9%
1990 15,427 −7.1%
2000 15,345 −0.5%
2010 15,995 4.2%
Est. 2015 15,717 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 15,995 people, 6,483 households, and 4,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,509.0 inhabitants per square mile (582.6/km2). There were 7,113 housing units at an average density of 671.0 per square mile (259.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 1.7% African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 19.8% of the population.

There were 6,483 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 36.7 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

As of 2010, the median income for a household was $42,293, and the median income for a family was $46.969. Males had a median income of $33,623 versus $25,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,529. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The city government's Park Department maintains 10 parks in the city. The two largest are Brit Spaugh Park and Veteran's Memorial Park. Located in the north-central part of the city, Brit Spaugh Park includes the Great Bend Zoo, the Wetlands Aquatic Center, two softball fields, horseshoe courts, picnic areas, playgrounds, a skateboarding area, and a BMX track. Veteran's Park is located in the northwestern part of the city and includes an 18-hole disc golf course, a fishing lake with limited boating, sand volleyball, ballfields, a playground, and walking trails. The department also maintains hiking and biking trails along flood control levies around the city along with Stone Lake, a 43-acre (17 ha) fishing lake immediately south of the city.

The Club at StoneRidge, located on the northern edge of the city, includes a private, 18-hole golf course that opened in 1940. A second 18-hole course, the Lake Barton Golf Course, lies approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the city.

Culture

Arts and music

From 1947 to 1989, Great Bend was the home of the Argonne Rebels Drum and Bugle Corps. Under the direction of Glenn and Sandra Opie, the corps achieved national fame, most notably winning the American Legion national championships in 1971, 1972, and 1973. The Rebels were one of the thirteen founding member corps of Drum Corps International, finishing in 5th place in 1972 and 11th in 1973.

Points of interest

  • The Barton County Historical Society Museum and Village is located in Great Bend.
  • The Great Bend Zoo and Raptor Center, founded in 1952, contains over 60 species of animals.

Sports

Greyhound racing got its start in the United States in the bottoms in 1887 during a formal coursing event.

The first nationwide NHRA sponsored event called "the Nationals" was held in 1955, in Great Bend, Kansas at the Great Bend Municipal Airport.

In popular culture and the arts

In November 1959, Perry Smith and Richard Hickock stopped for dinner in Great Bend on their 400-mile journey to Holcomb, Kansas, where they murdered the Clutter family. Author Truman Capote wrote In Cold Blood about the murder.

In the 1993 novel, The Death and Life of Superman by Roger Stern, Jonathan and Martha Kent fly from the Metropolis airport to the Great Bend airport and proceed to drive to Smallville, which would put Smallville somewhere in central Kansas.

Great Bend was mentioned briefly in the 2006 CBS Drama Jericho.

Great Bend is the setting for the Hulu original comedy series Quick Draw, created by and starring John Lehr.

Images for kids


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