Ellis County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 38°55′N 99°19′W / 38.917°N 99.317°W / 38.917; -99.317

Ellis County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Ellis County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1867
Seat Hays
Largest City Hays
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

900 sq mi (2,331 km²)
899 sq mi (2,328 km²)
0.5 sq mi (1 km²), 0.05%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

28,452
32/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: George Ellis

Ellis County (county code EL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 28,452. Its county seat and most populous city is Hays.

Ellis County is the official German Capital of Kansas. German immigrants settled in Hays, Ellis, Victoria, and nearby villages in the 1870s and 1880s.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Ellis County was founded on February 26, 1867. It is named for George Ellis, first lieutenant of the Twelfth Kansas Infantry.

20th century

In 1942, the Walker Army Airfield was built northwest of Walker. Thousands were stationed at the airfield for training of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress during World War II. The airfield was abandoned and most of it razed.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 900 square miles (2,300 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.05%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-70.svg Interstate 70
  • US 183.svg US-183

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,336
1880 6,179 362.5%
1890 7,942 28.5%
1900 8,626 8.6%
1910 12,170 41.1%
1920 14,138 16.2%
1930 15,907 12.5%
1940 17,508 10.1%
1950 19,043 8.8%
1960 21,270 11.7%
1970 24,730 16.3%
1980 26,098 5.5%
1990 26,004 −0.4%
2000 27,507 5.8%
2010 28,452 3.4%
Est. 2015 29,029 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

The Hays Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Ellis County.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 27,507 people, 11,193 households, and 6,771 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 12,078 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.10% White, 0.67% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population.

There were 11,193 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.50% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 18.40% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 19.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,339, and the median income for a family was $44,498. Males had a median income of $29,885 versus $21,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,259. About 6.50% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Ellis Co, Ks, USA
2005 Kansas Department of Transportation Map of Ellis County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Antonino
The town of Antonino

Defunct settlements

Townships

Ellis County is divided into nine townships. The cities of Ellis and Hays are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Big Creek 06650 1,798 7 (18) 252 (97) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°52′40″N 99°20′39″W / 38.87778°N 99.34417°W / 38.87778; -99.34417
Buckeye 08950 285 1 (2) 352 (136) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°1′24″N 99°18′25″W / 39.02333°N 99.30694°W / 39.02333; -99.30694
Catherine 11050 318 2 (4) 208 (80) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°0′32″N 99°11′44″W / 39.00889°N 99.19556°W / 39.00889; -99.19556
Ellis 20475 386 1 (2) 457 (176) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°58′47″N 99°30′57″W / 38.97972°N 99.51583°W / 38.97972; -99.51583
Freedom 24625 125 1 (3) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0% 38°43′48″N 99°7′36″W / 38.73°N 99.12667°W / 38.73; -99.12667
Herzog 31525 894 3 (7) 325 (126) 1 (0) 0.18% 38°55′29″N 99°7′19″W / 38.92472°N 99.12194°W / 38.92472; -99.12194
Lookout 42700 569 2 (5) 317 (122) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°45′43″N 99°25′12″W / 38.76194°N 99.42°W / 38.76194; -99.42
Victoria 73800 845 6 (16) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0% 38°49′56″N 99°8′31″W / 38.83222°N 99.14194°W / 38.83222; -99.14194
Wheatland 77650 401 3 (7) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0% 38°46′45″N 99°16′19″W / 38.77917°N 99.27194°W / 38.77917; -99.27194
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

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