Calhoun, Georgia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Downtown Calhoun and Courthouse
"Land of the Cherokee"
|Incorporated (city)||January 1852|
|Named for||John C. Calhoun|
|• Total||16.11 sq mi (41.72 km2)|
|• Land||16.04 sq mi (41.53 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)|
|Elevation||659 ft (201 m)|
|• Density||1,057.00/sq mi (408.11/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
30701, 30703 (PO Boxes)
|GNIS feature ID||0354936|
Calhoun was a part of the Cherokee Nation (including New Echota, capital of the Cherokee Nation) until December 29, 1835. Cherokee leaders such as The Ridge and William Hicks had developed numerous productive farms in the fertile Oothcaloga Valley. When the Cherokee refused to give up the remainder of their lands under the Indian Removal Act, after years of land cessions to the United States for white settlers in Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee, President Andrew Jackson sent US troops to the northern region of Georgia to force most of the tribe to move to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River, most notably present-day Oklahoma. (See more information on Trail of Tears.)
In December 1827, Georgia had already claimed the Cherokee lands that became Gordon County and other counties. A small town called "Dawsonville" was created and founded in the Gordon County, named for the owner of an early general store. Dawsonville was later renamed "Calhoun" to honor U.S. Senator John C. Calhoun, following his death in 1850.
Gordon County's inferior court called an election for the selection of the county seat, offering voters a choice between a site on the Western & Atlantic Railroad (near Adairsville) or a site more centrally located within the county. Voters chose a site along the railroad, so the inferior court designated Calhoun as county seat in 1851. The legislature incorporated Calhoun in an act approved on January 12, 1852.
On January 5, 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union as a prelude to the American Civil War. Calhounians joined the Confederacy. Most warfare took place elsewhere, but on May 16, 1864, Calhoun was near where the Union General William Tecumseh Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston postured before the Battle of Adairsville during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. Oakleigh, the home of Dr. Wall, was used by Sherman as his headquarters at that time.
A tornado on March 20, 1888, leveled much of Calhoun. A devastating fire on October 23 of that year destroyed most of what remained.
U.S. Route 41 passes through the center of town as Wall Street, and Interstate 75 runs along the eastern edge of the city, with access from Exits 310, 312, 315, 317, and 318. I-75 leads north 49 miles (79 km) to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and south 68 miles (109 km) to Atlanta. US-41, running parallel to I-75, leads north 5 miles (8.0 km) to Resaca and south 10 miles (16 km) to Adairsville. Georgia State Route 156 runs west out of town as West Line Street, leading 18 miles (29 km) to Armuchee, and heads east out of town as Red Bud Road, leading 8 miles (13 km) to Red Bud. Georgia State Route 373 (East Line Street and Dews Pond Road) leads east 8 miles (13 km) to Cash. Georgia State Route 136 (North River Street) leads northwest 30 miles (48 km) to LaFayette. Georgia State Route 53 passes through the southern part of Calhoun, leading east 15 miles (24 km) to Fairmount and southwest 22 miles (35 km) to Rome.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Calhoun has a total area of 15.0 square miles (38.9 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (38.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.64%, is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Calhoun has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Calhoun, Georgia|
|Average high °C (°F)||10
|Average low °C (°F)||-2.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||130
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American||1,154||6.81%|
|Hispanic or Latino||4,397||25.94%|
As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 16,949 people, 6,088 households, and 4,001 families residing in the city.
Arts and culture
Museums and other points of interest
- New Echota Historic Site, first Cherokee capital
- Roland Hayes Museum at the Harris Arts Center
- Oakleigh/Gordon County Historical Society
- Premium Outlets of Calhoun
Calhoun City School District
The Calhoun City School District serves preschool to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school, separate from the county school district. The district has 166 full-time teachers and over 2,666 students.
- Calhoun Primary School - grades K-2
- Calhoun Elementary School - grade 3-5
- Calhoun Middle School - grades 6-8
- Calhoun High School
Gordon County School District
The Gordon County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of six elementary schools, two middle schools and two high schools, serving the area outside the city limits. The district has 365 full-time teachers and over 6,259 students.
- Red Bud Elementary Grades Pre-K-5
- W.L Swain Elementary Grades Pre-K-5
- Belwood Elementary School Pre-K-5
- Sonoraville Elementary School Pre-K-5
- Fairmount Elementary School Pre-K-5
- Max V. Tolbert Elementary School Pre-K-5
- Ashworth Middle School Grades 6-8
- Red Bud Middle School Grades 6-8
- Gordon Central High School Grades 9-12
- Sonoraville High School Grades 9-12
- Downing Clark Academy, Inc.
- John L. Coble Elementary School - K-8th grades
- Georgia-Cumberland Academy - boarding 9-12 high school
- Georgia Northwestern Technical College (formerly Coosa Valley Technical College)
- Elias Boudinot (1802–1839), born Gallegina Uwati, also known as Buck Watie, Cherokee leader who believed that acculturation was critical to the tribe's survival; influential in the period of removal to the West
- Kris Durham, professional football player; wide receiver for the Oakland Raiders
- Roland Hayes (1887–1977), world-renowned lyric tenor, considered the first African-American male concert artist to receive wide acclaim both at home and internationally, born here and attended Calhoun schools
- James Beverly Langford (1922-1996), lawyer, businessman, and Georgia state legislator
- John Meadows III (1944–2018), Businessman, Mayor of Calhoun, and Georgia state legislator
- Sequoyah (English: George Gist or George Guess) (c.1767–1843), Cherokee, inventor of the Cherokee Syllabary. This was the only time in recorded history that a member of a non-literate people independently created an effective writing system. He was also the namesake of California's giant Sequoia sempervirens redwood tree.
- William Thompson (1848–1918), Olympic gold medal winner
- Stand Watie (1806–1871), Cherokee leader and Confederate general
- Dale Willis (1938–), Major League Baseball player
- Bert Lance
In Spanish: Calhoun (Georgia) para niños
Calhoun, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.