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Cambridge, Ohio
City of Cambridge
Downtown Cambridge in 2008
Downtown Cambridge in 2008
Location of Cambridge, Ohio
Location of Cambridge, Ohio
Location of Cambridge in Guernsey County
Location of Cambridge in Guernsey County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Guernsey
First Settled 1798
Incorporated 1837
 • Total 6.37 sq mi (16.50 km2)
 • Land 6.37 sq mi (16.49 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
830 ft (253 m)
 • Total 10,635
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,615.73/sq mi (623.86/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
43725, 43750
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-10996
GNIS feature ID 1058167
Website City of Cambridge

Cambridge is a city in and the county seat of Guernsey County, Ohio, United States. It lies in southeastern Ohio, in the Appalachian Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains 74 miles east of Columbus. The population was 10,635 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Cambridge Micropolitan Statistical Area and is located adjacent to the intersection of Interstates 70 and 77.

Cambridge is well known among glass collectors as being the location for the Cambridge Glass, Boyd Glass and Mosser Glass plants. The Cambridge area is also noted for its "S" shaped bridges, dating back to the building of the National Road in 1828.


In 1796, Col. Ebenezar Haase received funds to blaze a road suitable for travel by horse through the Ohio wilderness from a point on the Ohio River opposite Wheeling, Virginia (now Wheeling, West Virginia) to another point opposite Maysville, Kentucky. Where this road, known as Zane's Trace, crossed Wills Creek, a ferry was established in 1798. This was followed by the first bridge authorized by the legislature of the Northwest Territory, built in 1803. The land on which part of Cambridge stands was granted to Zaccheus Biggs and Zaccheus Beatty by the government in 1801. A settlement grew up at the creek crossing. The town of Cambridge was platted there in 1806. Both Cambridge, Maryland and Cambridge, Massachusetts have been speculated by historians as having inspired the naming of the town. Also in 1806, another group of early settlers from the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel pitched camp in Cambridge, reportedly because the women in the party refused to move on. The county for which Cambridge serves as the county seat was later named in honor of its many settlers from Guernsey. In 1828, the federally built National Road came through Cambridge. The first railroad arrived in 1854.The Cambridge, Ohio area experienced massive flooding in late June 1998.


Cambridge is located along Wills Creek; its tributary Leatherwood Creek flows into Wills Creek in the southern part of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.35 square miles (16.45 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 766
1850 1,041 35.9%
1860 1,452 39.5%
1870 2,193 51.0%
1880 2,883 31.5%
1890 4,361 51.3%
1900 8,241 89.0%
1910 11,327 37.4%
1920 13,104 15.7%
1930 16,129 23.1%
1940 15,044 −6.7%
1950 14,739 −2.0%
1960 14,652 −0.6%
1970 13,656 −6.8%
1980 13,450 −1.5%
1990 11,748 −12.7%
2000 11,520 −1.9%
2010 10,635 −7.7%
2020 10,089 −5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,635 people, 4,651 households, and 2,604 families living in the city. The population density was 1,674.8 inhabitants per square mile (646.6/km2). There were 5,313 housing units at an average density of 836.7 per square mile (323.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 3.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,651 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

Arts and culture

  • The Living Word, an annual Passion Play
  • Salt Fork Arts and Crafts Festival, Arts festival held annually in the city park around August
  • Georgetown Vineyards
  • Pritchard-Laughlin Civic Center

Parks and recreation


The Cambridge City School District administers one primary school (K–2), one intermediate school (3–5), one middle school and Cambridge High School. St. Benedict Elementary School is a Roman Catholic institution.

The Guernsey County Public Library operates two libraries in the city.

Geography and Transportation

Cambridge is located along Wills Creek; its tributary Leatherwood Creek flows into Wills Creek in the southern part of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.35 square miles (16.45 km2), all land.

Cambridge is the site of a major junction between Interstate 70 and Interstate 77; both routes have exits connecting to Cambridge's city center. The city is additionally bisected by U.S. Route 22, acting as the de facto "main street", and is not too far away from Cambridge Municipal Airport, primarily used for general aviation. The closest commercial airport is Mid-Ohio Valley Regional Airport, but the airport only serves Contour Airlines and flies regionally; the closest commercial airport with cross-country service is John Glenn Columbus International Airport.

Notable people

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Cambridge (Ohio) para niños

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