Car classification facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Governments and private organizations have developed car classifications that are used for a number of purposes. These include regulation, description and categorization, among others. The following are commonly used classifications in use worldwide:

Vehicle Classification
Not Well Defined / Vernacular Defined by Law or Regulation Examples
Market Segment (American English) Market Segment (British English) Market Segment (Australian English) US EPA Size Class Euro NCAP Structural Category Euro NCAP Class (1997 - 2009) Euro Market Segment
Microcar Microcar, Bubble car N/A N/A Quadricycle A-segment mini cars Bond Bug, Isetta, Mega City, REVAi/G-Wiz
Subcompact car, Economy Car City car Microcar Minicompact Passenger car Supermini Fiat 500, Hyundai Eon, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Smart Fortwo, Toyota Aygo
Supermini Light Car Subcompact B-segment small cars Ford Fiesta, Kia Rio, Opel Corsa, Peugeot 208, Volkswagen Polo
Compact car Small family car Small Car Compact Small family car C-segment medium cars Hyundai Elantra, Honda Civic, Mazda3, Peugeot 308, Toyota Corolla
Mid-size car Large family car Medium Car Mid-size Large family car D-segment large cars Chevrolet Malibu, Chrysler 200, Ford Fusion, Subaru Legacy, Volkswagen Passat
Entry-level luxury car Compact executive car Medium Car above $60,000 N/A Acura TLX, Opel Insignia, Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Mercedes-Benz C-Class
Full-size car Executive car Large Car Large Executive E-segment executive cars Chevrolet Impala, Ford Taurus, Hyundai Grandeur, Holden Commodore, Toyota Avalon
Mid-size luxury car Large Car above $70,000 N/A Cadillac CTS, Chrysler 300, Jaguar XF, Lincoln MKZ, Volvo S80
Full-size luxury car Luxury car Upper Large Car above $100,000 N/A F-segment luxury cars BMW 7 Series, Lexus LS, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Porsche Panamera, Tesla Model S
Grand tourer Grand tourer Sports Car N/A S-segment sports coupés Aston Martin DB9, Bentley Continental GT, Ferrari FF, Jaguar XK, Maserati GranTurismo
Supercar Supercar N/A Bugatti Veyron, LaFerrari, Lamborghini Aventador, Pagani Zonda
Convertible Convertible N/A BMW 6 Series, Chevrolet Camaro, Mercedes CLK, Volvo C70, Volkswagen Eos
Roadster Roadster Two-seater Roadster sports BMW Z4, Lotus Elise, Mazda MX-5, Porsche Boxster, Mercedes-Benz SLK
Mini MPV N/A Minivan MPV Small MPV M-segment multi purpose cars Citroen C3 Picasso, Ford B-Max, Opel Meriva, Renault Kangoo, Volkswagen Golf Sportsvan
MPV Compact MPV People Mover Chevrolet Orlando, Ford C-Max, Opel Zafira, Renault Scenic, Volkswagen Touran
Minivan Large MPV Large MPV Chrysler Town and Country, Kia Carnival, Peugeot 807, Renault Espace, Toyota Sienna
Cargo van Van Van Cargo van Chevrolet Express 1500 Cargo, Fiat Ducato/Ram ProMaster, Ford Transit, Renault Master, Volkswagen Transporter
Passenger van Minibus People Mover Passenger van Chevrolet Express 1500 Passenger, Ford E350 Wagon, Mercedes-Benz Viano, Volkswagen Multivan
Mini SUV Mini 4x4 Small SUV Small Sport Utility Vehicle Off-roader Small Off-Road 4x4 J-segment sport utility cars (including off-road vehicles) Daihatsu Terios, Ford Ecosport, Jeep Wrangler, Peugeot 2008, Suzuki Jimny
Compact SUV Compact SUV Medium SUV Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Escape, Honda CR-V, Jeep Compass, Kia Sportage
Mid-size SUV Large 4x4 Large SUV Standard Sport Utility Vehicle Large Off-Road 4x4 Audi Q5, Ford Edge, Hyundai Santa Fe, Jeep Cherokee, Volkswagen Touareg
Full-size Upper Large SUV Cadillac Escalade, Ford Explorer, Range Rover, Toyota Land Cruiser, Volvo XC90
Mini pickup truck Pick-up Ute Small Pickup Truck Pickup Pick-up Chevrolet Montana, Fiat Strada, Volkswagen Saveiro
Mid-size pickup truck Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, Mitsubishi Triton/L200, Nissan Navara
Full-size pickup truck Pickup Truck Standard pickup truck Dodge Ram, Ford F-150, GMC Sierra, Nissan Titan, Toyota Tundra
Heavy Duty pickup truck Chevrolet Silverado HD, Ram Heavy Duty, Ford Super Duty
Special purpose vehicle Limousine Special purpose vehicle Lincoln MKT Livery

Images for kids


Car classification Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.