Chalon-sur-Saône facts for kids

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Chalon-sur-Saône

Chalon-hiver.jpg
The Saône river at Chalon-sur-Saône.
Coat of arms of Chalon-sur-Saône
Coat of arms
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Chalon-sur-Saône
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality Le Grand Chalon
Mayor Gilles Platret
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 172–192 m (564–630 ft)
(avg. 182 m or 597 ft*)
Land area1 15.22 km2 (5.88 sq mi)
Population2 44,847  (2011)
 - Density 2,947/km2 (7,630/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 71076/ 71100
Website www.chalon.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

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Chalon-sur-Saône is a city and a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Burgundy region of France. It is the largest city of the department and the second largest city of Burgundy after Dijon.

It is a subprefecture in the department and the capital of four cantons: Chalon-sur-Saône-Centre, Chalon-sur-Saône-Nord, Chalon-sur-Saône-Ouest and Chalon-sur-Saône-Sud.

History

Though the place where is Chalon-sur-Saône now was an important town of the Aedui (Celtic people that lived between the Saône and Loire rivers) and objects of La Tène culture have been found here, the first mention of the town, as Cavillonum or Cabillonum, is found in Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars (VII, chs. 42 and 90).

Geography

Chalon-sur-Saône is on the sides of the Saône river, to the southeast of the Burgundy region. The city is at 338 km (210 mi) to the southeast of Paris and at 132 km (82 mi) to the north of Lyon.

It has an area of 15.22 km2 (5.88 sq mi) and its average altitude is 182 m (597 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 178 m (584 ft)..

The Saône river flows through the eastern part of the city and the small river Thalie flows through the western part of the commune.

Chalon-sur-Saône and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Chalon-sur-Saône

Chalon-sur-Saône is surrounded by the communes Fragnes, Crissey, Châtenoy-en-Bresse, Saint-Marcel, Lux, Saint-Rémy, Châtenoy-le-Royal and Champforgeuil.

Climate

The climate of Chalon-sur-Saône, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.

Population

With a population of 44,847, Chalon-sur-Saône has a population density of 2,947 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Chalon-sur-Saône are known, in French, as Chalonnais (women: Chalonnaises).

Administration

FacadeCathédraleSaintVincent1
Saint-Vincent Cathedral

Chalon-sur-Saône is a subprefecture of the Saône-et-Loire department since 1800. It is also the capital of four Cantons:

  1. Chalon-sur-Saône-Centre, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.
  2. Chalon-sur-Saône-Nord, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.
  3. Chalon-sur-Saône-Ouest, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and the commune Châtenoy-le-Royal.
  4. Chalon-sur-Saône-Sud, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Chalon-sur-Saône are:

  • St. Vincent's Cathedral on the Saint-Vincent Square, which has some elements from the eighth century.
  • Musée Nicéphore-Niépce, a museum on photography.
  • Musée Vivant-Denon, an art museum.

Gallery

People from Chalon-sur-Saône

  • Nicéphore Niépce (1765-1833), pioneer of photography.

Twin cities

Chalon-sur-Saône is a twin town of:

Related pages

Images for kids


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