Chalon-sur-Saône facts for kids
|The Saône river at Chalon-sur-Saône.|
|Coat of arms|
|Canton||Chief town of 4 cantons|
|Intercommunality||Le Grand Chalon|
|Elevation||172–192 m (564–630 ft)
(avg. 182 m or 597 ft*)
|Land area1||15.22 km2 (5.88 sq mi)|
|- Density||2,947/km2 (7,630/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||71076/ 71100|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
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Chalon-sur-Saône is a city and a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Burgundy region of France. It is the largest city of the department and the second largest city of Burgundy after Dijon.
Though the place where is Chalon-sur-Saône now was an important town of the Aedui (Celtic people that lived between the Saône and Loire rivers) and objects of La Tène culture have been found here, the first mention of the town, as Cavillonum or Cabillonum, is found in Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars (VII, chs. 42 and 90).
The Saône river flows through the eastern part of the city and the small river Thalie flows through the western part of the commune.
Chalon-sur-Saône is surrounded by the communes Fragnes, Crissey, Châtenoy-en-Bresse, Saint-Marcel, Lux, Saint-Rémy, Châtenoy-le-Royal and Champforgeuil.
The climate of Chalon-sur-Saône, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.
With a population of 44,847, Chalon-sur-Saône has a population density of 2,947 inhabitants/km2.
The inhabitants of Chalon-sur-Saône are known, in French, as Chalonnais (women: Chalonnaises).
Chalon-sur-Saône is a subprefecture of the Saône-et-Loire department since 1800. It is also the capital of four Cantons:
- Chalon-sur-Saône-Centre, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.
- Chalon-sur-Saône-Nord, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.
- Chalon-sur-Saône-Ouest, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and the commune Châtenoy-le-Royal.
- Chalon-sur-Saône-Sud, formed with a part of Chalon-sur-Saône and several other communes.
Places of interest
Some interesting places in Chalon-sur-Saône are:
- St. Vincent's Cathedral on the Saint-Vincent Square, which has some elements from the eighth century.
- Musée Nicéphore-Niépce, a museum on photography.
- Musée Vivant-Denon, an art museum.
People from Chalon-sur-Saône
- Nicéphore Niépce (1765-1833), pioneer of photography.
Chalon-sur-Saône is a twin town of:
Images for kids
Chalon-sur-Saône Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.