Saône-et-Loire facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Saône-et-Loire department, in Mâcon
Saône-et-Loire in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||8,574.7 km2 (3,310.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||64.8418/km2 (167.9395/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-71|
Saône-et-Loire is a department in the centre of France. It is in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Saône and the Loire rivers. The largest city in the department is Chalon-sur-Saône. The prefecture (capital) is the smaller city of Mâcon.
Saône-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Mâcon as its capital. It was formed from combined parts of the old provinces of southern Burgundy and Bresse, uniting lands which have no true geographical unity.
It was divided in seven districts: Autun, Bourbon-Lancy, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles, Louhans, Mâcon and Semur-en-Brionnais. That same year, the name of the district Semur-en-Brionnais was changed to Marcigny.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into five arrondissements: Mâcon, Autun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Louhans was eliminated but in 1942 it became again an arrondissement of the department.
The department borders with 7 other departments:
- Autunois, to the northwest; it is the region around Autun.
- Charolais, to the southwest and around the commune of Charolles.
- Chalonnais, to the north with Chalon-sur-Saône as the main city.
- Mâconnais, to the south and around the commune of Mâcon.
- Bresse, to the east of the Saône river with Louhans as the main city.
The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border of the department and that flows to the north, into the Atlantic Ocean; and the Saône, in the eastern part of the department and that flows to the south and joins the Rhône river at Lyon.
The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charnay-lès-Mâcon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".
The average temperature for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon, to the west of Mâcon and where is the local airport, is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C (70.0 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 866.1 mm (34.10 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 96.5 mm (3.80 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 50.8 mm (2.00 in).
Cantons of the arrondissement of Autun
- Le Cruesot-Est
- Le Cruesot-Ouest
Cantons of the arrondissement of Chalon-sur-Saône
Cantons of the arrondissement of Charolles
- La Clayette
- La Guiche
Cantons of the arrondissement of Louhans
Cantons of the arrondissement of Mâcon
- La Chapelle-de-Guinchay
The inhabitants of Saône-et-Loire are known, in French, as Saône-et-Loiriens (women: Saône-et-Loiriennes).
Saône-et-Loire had a population, in 2011, of 555,999, for a population density of 64.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Chalon-sur-Saône, with 198,850 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.
The cities with more than 9,000 inhabitants in the department are:
Temple of Janus in Autun
Images for kids
Saône-et-Loire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.