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Nièvre
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Location of Nièvre in France
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 215,221
 • Rank 87th
 • Density 31.5712/km2 (81.769/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Nivernais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 17
Communes 310
Website http://www.cg58.fr

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.

Geography

Carte de la Nièvre
Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi).

The department borders with six departments in three regions:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley.

Administration

Nièvre is managed by the General Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 312 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
581 Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 26,045 1,929 13.5 72
582 Clamecy Clamecy 25,249 1,464 17.2 91
583 Nevers Nevers 118,974 2,020 58.9 83
584 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 44,953 1,403 32.0 64

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Nièvre department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. La Charité-sur-Loire
  2. Château-Chinon
  3. Clamecy
  4. Corbigny
  5. Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
  6. Decize
  7. Fourchambault
  8. Guérigny
  9. Imphy
  10. Luzy
  11. Nevers-1
  12. Nevers-2
  13. Nevers-3
  14. Nevers-4
  15. Pouilly-sur-Loire
  16. Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier
  17. Varennes-Vauzelles

Demographics

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).

Nièvre had a population, in 2013, of 215,221, for a population density of 31.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 118,974 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Nevers 34,841 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,629 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,440 Nevers
Decize 5,689 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,050 Nevers

Related pages

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Nièvre Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.