Côte-d'Or facts for kids

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Côte-d'Or
Department
Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 8,763.2 km2 (3,383.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 529,761
 • Rank 51st
 • Density 60.4529/km2 (156.5723/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Côte-d'oriens, Costaloriens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-21
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 23
Communes 705
Website http://www.cotedor.fr

Côte-d'Or (literally, "Slope of Gold", "Golden Slope") is a department in the eastern part of France. It is one of the 83 first French departments made during the French revolution and one of the eight departments of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Its prefecture (capital) is the city of Dijon. The inhabitants of the department are called Costaloriens (women:Costaloriennes) or Côte-d'Oriens (women:Côte d'Oriennes).

History

Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Dijon, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.

Origin of name

Vignoble Morey Saint Denis
Morey-Saint-Denis in autumn. The department is named after this kind of landscape.

Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.

The French word côte means, in this case, a slope that geologists usually name with the Spanish word cuesta.

Geography

Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. The department borders with 7 departments that are part of 2 regions:

The department has an area of 8,763.2 km2 (3,383 sq mi). The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien (47°07′37″N 4°07′06″E / 47.12694°N 4.11833°E / 47.12694; 4.11833 (Mont de Gien)), 721 m (2,365 ft) high; it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, 174 m (571 ft) high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.

A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.

Rivers

The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:

  • The Seine, with its source in the southern end of the Plateau de Langres, in the commune Source-Seine.
  • The Saône, an important tributary of the Rhône. It flows through several communes of the Côte-d'Or department and some of the tributaries are Vingeanne, Tille, Bèze and Ouche.
  • The Arroux is a right tributary of the Loire.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).

In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.

Administration

The department is managed by the General Council of Côte-d'Or in Dijon. Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 705 communes (municipalities) in Côte-d'Or.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
211 Beaune Beaune 97,474 2,118 46.0 193
212 Dijon Dijon 371,239 3,049 121.8 259
213 Montbard Montbard 61,048 3,596 17.0 253

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Côte-d'Or department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Arnay-le-Duc
  2. Auxonne
  3. Beaune
  4. Brazey-en-Plaine
  5. Châtillon-sur-Seine
  6. Chenôve
  7. Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur
  8. Dijon-1
  9. Dijon-2
  10. Dijon-3
  11. Dijon-4
  12. Dijon-5
  13. Dijon-6
  14. Fontaine-lès-Dijon
  15. Genlis
  16. Is-sur-Tille
  17. Ladoix-Serrigny
  18. Longvic
  19. Montbard
  20. Nuits-Saint-Georges
  21. Saint-Apollinaire
  22. Semur-en-Auxois
  23. Talant

Demographics

Côte d'Or has a population, in 2013, of 529,761, for a population density of 60.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 371,239 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,474 and 61,048 inhabitants.

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Dijon 153,003 Dijon
Beaune 21,838 Beaune
Chenôve 13,982 Dijon
Talant 11,131 Dijon
Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur 10,486 Dijon
Quetigny 9,699 Dijon
Fontaine-lès-Dijon 9,055 Dijon
Longvic 8,981 Dijon
Auxonne 7,819 Dijon
Saint-Apollinaire 7,336 Dijon

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