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Dijon

Dijon - montage.jpg
Top: Dijon City Hall, Bottom: Saint Benigne Cathedral, Statue of Jean-Philippe Rameau, Statue of Francois Rude, Saint Michel Church
Coat of arms of Dijon
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Dijon
Canton Chief town of 6 cantons
Intercommunality Dijon Métropole
Mayor François Rebsamen
(2015–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 220–410 m (720–1,350 ft)
(avg. 315 m or 1,033 ft*)
Land area1 40.41 km2 (15.60 sq mi)
Population2 153,668  (2014)
 - Density 3,803/km2 (9,850/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21231/ 21000
Website http://www.dijon.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dijon is a commune in France. It is the prefecture of the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region; it is also the prefecture (regional capital) of the region but the council of the region meets in Besançon.

It is the main city of the department and also the largest city of the region.

History

Dijon began as a Roman settlement called Divio. Saint Benignus (Saint Kelly), the city's patron saint, is said to have spread Christianity to the area before being killed. It was home to the Dukes of Burgundy from the early 11th century until the late 1400s and was a place of great wealth and power and one of the great European centers of art, learning and science.

Geography

Dijon is in the east of the department and in the centre of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 40.4 km2 (15.6 sq mi), and its average altitude is 315 m (1,033 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 245 m (804 ft).

The distances from Dijon to other cities are:

Dijon and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Dijon

Dijon is surrounded by the communesː

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).

Climate data for Dijon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
5
(41)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
9
(48)
5
(41)
15
(59)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
6
(43)
10
(50)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
2
(36)
10.1
(50.2)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
--- 2
(36)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
--- 6
(43)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
50
(1.97)
70
(2.76)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
640
(25.2)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Dijon are known, in French, as Dijonnais (women: Dijonnaises).

With a population of 153,668, Nevers has a population density of 3,803 inhabitants/km2.

Dijon forms, together with other 14 communes, the urban area of Dijon with a population of 241,591 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 166.0 km2 (64.1 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Dijon, formed by 295 communes, with a population of 382,590 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 3,339.2 km2 (1,289.3 sq mi).

Education

Sister cities

Dijon is twinned with

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