Cluj-Napoca facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cluj-Napoca
City
Cluj Napoca river.jpg
Country  Romania
County Actual Cluj county CoA.png Cluj
Metropolitan area Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area
Status County capital
Founded 1213 (first official record as Cluj)
Area
 • City 179.5 km2 (69.3 sq mi)
Population
 • City 310,243 (July 1, 2,007)
 • Density 1,771/km2 (4,590/sq mi)
 • Metro 400,000
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 400xyz1
Area code(s) +40 x642
Car Plates CJ-N3
Website http://www.primariaclujnapoca.ro

Cluj-Napoca, commonly known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania, after the national capital Bucharest. The city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania.

The city has the best air quality in the European Union, according to research published in 2014 by a French magazine and air-quality organization that studied the EU's hundred largest cities.

Today, the city is one of the most important academic, cultural, industrial and business centres in Romania. Among other institutions, it hosts the country's largest university, Babeș-Bolyai University, with its famous botanical garden and nationally renowned cultural institutions.

Arts and culture

View of central Cluj-Napoca from the Victor Babeș Street in the Hașdeu area

Cluj-Napoca has a diverse and growing cultural scene, with cultural life exhibited in a number of fields, including the visual arts, performing arts and nightlife. The city's cultural scene spans its history, dating back to Roman times: the city started to be built in that period, which has left its mark on the urban layout (centered on today's Piața Muzeului) as well as surviving ruins.

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