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Suwon facts for kids

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Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Suwon-si
 • McCune–Reischauer Suwŏn-si
Hwaseong Fortress and the skyline of Suwon
Hwaseong Fortress and the skyline of Suwon
Flag of Suwon
Official logo of Suwon
Emblem of Suwon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 4 gu, 43 dong
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Total 121.04 km2 (46.73 sq mi)
 (January 31, 2019)
 • Total 1,241,311
 • Density 10,255.4/km2 (26,561/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Area code(s) +82-31-2xx
Flower Azalea
Tree Pine
Bird White heron
Website Suwon

Suwon (Hangul: 수원; Hanja: 水原) is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea's most populous province which surrounds Seoul, the national capital. Suwon lies about 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of Seoul. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety". With a population close to 1.2 million, it is larger than Ulsan, although it is not governed as a metropolitan city.

Suwon has existed in various forms throughout Korea's history, growing from a small settlement to become a major industrial and cultural center. It is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea. The city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi Province.

Samsung Electronics R&D center and headquarters are in Suwon.

The city is served by two motorways, the national railway network, and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. Suwon is a major educational center, home to 11 universities.

Suwon is home to football club Suwon Samsung Bluewings, which have won the K League on four occasions and AFC Champions League twice. The KT Wiz of the Korea Baseball Organization also play in Suwon.


Suwon became a big city because of King Jeongjo of Joseon. He wanted to make Suwon the capital after he moved his father's tomb. Suwon's Hwaseong Fortress was also built then. Hwaseong has great value because some machines were used to build it. Jeong Yagyong, a great mechanic and scholar, made pulleys named Geojunggi and Nokro, which were used.


Suwon is in the north-west of South Korea near Seoul, so Suwon is developed. In Suwon there are some small mountains like Gwanggyosan and Chilbosan.


There are 1,201,564 people living in Suwon including foreigners.


Suwon's symbol is Hwaseong's main gate. Suwon's official flower is the royal azalea, and Suwon's slogan is "We welcome people. Human city, Suwon." (Korean: 사람이 반갑습니다. 휴먼시티 수원.)


Suwon Samsung Bluewings is Suwon's soccer team. They play soccer in the K League. Their stadium is Suwon World Cup Stadium. It is the biggest soccer stadium in Suwon.


Suwon has two bus terminals: Suwon Bus Terminal and West Suwon Bus Terminal. The Gyeongbu and Yeongdong Expressways pass through Suwon, and the Gyeongbu railroad line, Seoul Subway Line 1, and the Bundang Line also pass through Suwon.


Suwon galbi (beef ribs) is Suwon's special food. It is expensive but popular.

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