Yonne facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Yonne department, in Auxerre.
Yonne in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||7,427.4 km2 (2,867.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||46.1081/km2 (119.4193/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-89|
The department is named after the Yonne river, a tributary of the Seine, that flows through the department. The Celts name of the river was Ica-onna (in Latin, Icauna) and from this name come the name of the river and of the people living in the department: Icaunais.
Yonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Auxerre as its capital. It was formed from combined parts of the old provinces of Burgundy, Champagne and Île-de-France.
It was divided in seven districts: Auxerre, Sens, Joigny, Saint-Fargeau, Avallon, Tonnerre and Saint-Florentin.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into five arrondissements: Auxerre, Avallon, Joigny, Sens and Tonnerre. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Joigny and Tonnerre were eliminated.
The department borders with 5 other departments:
- Grand Est
- Aube (northeast)
- Centre-Val de Loire
- Loiret (west)
- Seine-et-Marne (northwest)
The northern part of the department is formed by plains that are part of the great plain of Paris. The mountains of the Morvan and the hills of the Auxerrois (the region around the city of Auxerre) are in the southern half of the department.
The main river in the department is the Yonne, a tributary of the Seine river and that flows through the department from south to north. Other rivers that flow through the department are the Armançon, Loing, Ouanne and Serein rivers.
The average temperature for the year in Auxerre is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.6 °C (38.5 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Auxerre is 957.6 mm (37.70 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 106.7 mm (4.20 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is April with an average of 63.5 mm (2.50 in).
Cantons of the arrondissement of Auxerre:
Cantons of the arrondissement of Avallon:
Cantons of the arrondissement of Sens:
The inhabitants of Yonne are known, in French, as Icaunais (women: Icaunaises).
Yonne had a population, in 2011, of 342,463, for a population density of 46.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Auxerre, with 181,338 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.
The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:
Sens on the Yonne river
Images for kids
Yonne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.