Loiret facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Loiret department, in Orléans.
Location of Loiret in France
|Region||Centre-Val de Loire|
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||6,775.2 km2 (2,615.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||98.8513/km2 (256.0236/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-45|
The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Orléans, Gien, Montargis and Pithiviers.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gien and Pithiviers were eliminated but in 1942 Pithiviers became again an arrondissement of the department.
The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 3 regions:
- Centre-Val de Loire region
- Île-de-France region
- Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
The main rivers are:
- Loire, that flows through the department from the southeast to the west.
- Loiret, a short tributary of the Loire and that gives its name to the department.
- Loing, 142 km long.
- Cosson, 96.4 km long.
- Essonne, 97 km long.
There are several natural regions in the Loiret department:
- The Loire Valley, the valley around the Loire river.
- Beauce, to the northwest of the department; it is a limestone plateau and an important farming region where wheat is grown.
- Gâtinais, to the east around the city of Montargis.
- The Forêt d'Orléans ("Forest of Orléans"), the largest national forest of France; it is to the north of the Loire river and to the south of the Beauce region.
- Sologne, south of the Loire river.
- Berry (a small part), to the southeast.
- Puisaye, between the Berry and the Gâtinais.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Orléans is 599.4 mm (23.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 38.1 mm (1.5 in).
The average temperature for the year in Orléans is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).
The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Beaugency (4501)
- Châlette-sur-Loing (4502)
- Châteauneuf-sur-Loire (4503)
- Courtenay (4504)
- La Ferté-Saint-Aubin (4505)
- Fleury-les-Aubrais (4506)
- Gien (4507)
- Lorris (4508)
- Malesherbes (4509)
- Meung-sur-Loire (4510)
- Montargis (4511)
- Olivet (4512)
- Orléans-1 (4513)
- Orléans-2 (4514)
- Orléans-3 (4515)
- Orléans-4 (4516)
- Pithiviers (4517)
- Saint-Jean-de-Braye (4518)
- Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle (4519)
- Saint-Jean-le-Blanc (4520)
- Sully-sur-Loire (4521)
The inhabitants of Loiret are known, in French, as Loiretains (women: Loiretaines).
Loiret has a population, in 2014, of 669,737, for a population density of 98.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Orléans, with 435,676 inhabitants, is by far the largest.
Evolution of the population in Loiret
The main cities in the department are:
Loiret Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.