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Loiret
Department
Prefecture building of the Loiret department
Prefecture building of the Loiret department, in Orléans.
Flag of Loiret
Flag
Coat of arms of Loiret
Coat of arms
Location of Loiret in France
Location of Loiret in France
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 6,775.2 km2 (2,615.9 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 669,737
 • Density 98.8513/km2 (256.0236/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Loiretains
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-45
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 326
Website Official website

Loiret is a department in north-central France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Loiret river, a tributary of Loire that is completely within the department.

Its prefecture is Orléans and there are two subprefectures: Montargis and Pithiviers.

History

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais.

The new department had seven districts: Orléans, Beaugency, Neuville, Pithiviers, Montargis, Gien and Boiscommun. The capital (now prefecture) was Orléans.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Orléans, Gien, Montargis and Pithiviers.

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Bavarian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gien and Pithiviers were eliminated but in 1942 Pithiviers became again an arrondissement of the department.

Geography

Loiret is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,775.2 km2 (2,616 sq mi).

The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 3 regions:

The highest point of the department is in the place called Col des Étourneaux (47°32′0″N 2°41′49″E / 47.533333°N 2.69694°E / 47.533333; 2.69694), in the commune of Pierrefitte-ès-Bois, and that is 273 m (896 ft) above sea level; it is in northwestern Massif Central.

The main rivers are:

  • Loire, that flows through the department from the southeast to the west.
  • Loiret, a short tributary of the Loire and that gives its name to the department.
  • Loing, 142 km long.
  • Cosson, 96.4 km long.
  • Essonne, 97 km long.

There are several natural regions in the Loiret department:

  1. The Loire Valley, the valley around the Loire river.
  2. Beauce, to the northwest of the department; it is a limestone plateau and an important farming region where wheat is grown.
  3. Gâtinais, to the east around the city of Montargis.
  4. The Forêt d'Orléans ("Forest of Orléans"), the largest national forest of France; it is to the north of the Loire river and to the south of the Beauce region.
  5. Sologne, south of the Loire river.
  6. Berry (a small part), to the southeast.
  7. Puisaye, between the Berry and the Gâtinais.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Orléans is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Orléans is 599.4 mm (23.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 38.1 mm (1.5 in).

The average temperature for the year in Orléans is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Loiret in Orléans. Loiret is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 326 communes (municipalities) in Loiret.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
451 Montargis Montargis 170,781 2,631.3 64.9 126
452 Orléans Orléans 435,676 2,945.8 147.9 121
453 Pithiviers Pithiviers 63,280 1,198.1 52.8 79

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Beaugency (4501)
  2. Châlette-sur-Loing (4502)
  3. Châteauneuf-sur-Loire (4503)
  4. Courtenay (4504)
  5. La Ferté-Saint-Aubin (4505)
  6. Fleury-les-Aubrais (4506)
  7. Gien (4507)
  8. Lorris (4508)
  9. Malesherbes (4509)
  10. Meung-sur-Loire (4510)
  11. Montargis (4511)
  12. Olivet (4512)
  13. Orléans-1 (4513)
  14. Orléans-2 (4514)
  15. Orléans-3 (4515)
  16. Orléans-4 (4516)
  17. Pithiviers (4517)
  18. Saint-Jean-de-Braye (4518)
  19. Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle (4519)
  20. Saint-Jean-le-Blanc (4520)
  21. Sully-sur-Loire (4521)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Loiret are known, in French, as Loiretains (women: Loiretaines).

Loiret has a population, in 2014, of 669,737, for a population density of 98.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Orléans, with 435,676 inhabitants, is by far the largest.

Evolution of the population in Loiret

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Orléans 114,977 Orléans
Olivet 21,192 Orléans
Fleury-les-Aubrais 20,791 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-Braye 19,804 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle 16,415 Orléans
Saran 15,686 Orléans
Gien 14,617 Montargis
Montargis 13,997 Montargis
Amilly 12,672 Montargis
Châlette-sur-Loing 12,643 Montargis
La Chapelle-Saint-Mesmin 10,117 Orléans

Gallery

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