Eure-et-Loir facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Eure-et-Loir department, in Chartres.
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
|Region||Centre-Val de Loire|
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,880.0 km2 (2,270.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||73.7690/km2 (191.0610/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-28|
The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created mainly from parts of the former provinces of Orléanais (Beauce) and Maine (Perche), but also parts of the old Île-de-France.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Chartres, Châteaudun, Dreux and Nogent-le-Rotrou.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Nogent-le-Rotrou was eliminated but in 1943 Nogent-le-Rotrou became again an arrondissement of the department.
The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 4 regions:
- Centre-Val de Loire region
- Île-de-France region
- Pays de la Loire region
- Normandy region
The highest point of the department is the Butte de Rougemont (above sea level.), in the commune of Vichères, and that is 287 m (942 ft)
The rivers in the department are in two watersheds:
- The watershed of the Seine to the north of the department, with its tributary the Eure river.
- The watershed of the Loire river to the south of the department, with its tributary the Loir river.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Chartres is 916.9 mm (36.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 99.1 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 53.3 mm (2.1 in).
The average temperature for the year in Chartres is 11 °C (52 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.8 °C (38.8 °F).
The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Eure-et-Loir department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Anet (2801)
- Auneau (2802)
- Brou (2803)
- Chartres-1 (2804)
- Chartres-2 (2805)
- Chartres-3 (2806)
- Châteaudun (2807)
- Dreux-1 (2808)
- Dreux-2 (2809)
- Épernon (2810)
- Illiers-Combray (2811)
- Lucé (2812)
- Nogent-le-Rotrou (2813)
- Saint-Lubin-des-Joncherets (2814)
- Voves (2815)
The inhabitants of Eure-et-Loir are known, in French, as Euréliens (women: Euréliennes).
Eure-et-Loir has a population, in 2014, of 433,762, for a population density of 68.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Chartres, with 207,869 inhabitants, is by far the largest.
Evolution of the population in Eure-et-Loir
The main cities in the department are:
Images for kids
Eure-et-Loir Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.