Loir-et-Cher facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Loir-et-Cher department, in Blois
Location of Loir-et-Cher in France
|Region||Centre-Val de Loire|
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||6,343.4 km2 (2,449.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||52.5849/km2 (136.1942/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-41|
The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais together with small parts of other provinces.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Blois, Romorantin and Vendôme.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Romorantin was eliminated but in 1943 it was made again an arrondissement. In 1961, Romorantin was merged with Lanthenay and the name, of the commune and of the arrondissement, was changed to Romorantin-Lanthenay.
The highest point of the department is in the Bois des Vallèes (above sea level.), in the commune of Bouffry, and that is 256 m (840 ft)
The department is bordered by the 6 departments in 2 regions:
- Centre-Val de Loire region
- Pays de la Loire region
The main rivers are:
- Loire, that flows through the centre of the department. The city of Blois is along this river.
- Loir, a left tributary of the Sarthe; it flows through the northern part of the department.
- Cher, that flows through the southern part of the department. It is a left tributary of the Loire.
- Sauldre, a right tributary of the Cher river.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Vendôme is 604.5 mm (23.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).
The average temperature for the year in Vendôme is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).
The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- La Beauce (4101)
- Blois-1 (4102)
- Blois-2 (4103)
- Blois-3 (4104)
- Chambord (4105)
- Montoire-sur-le-Loir (4106)
- Montrichard (4107)
- Onzain (4108)
- Le Perche (4109)
- Romorantin-Lanthenay (4110)
- Saint-Aignan (4111)
- Selles-sur-Cher (4112)
- La Sologne (4113)
- Vendôme (4114)
- Vineuil (4115)
The inhabitants of Loir-et-Cher are known, in French, as Loir-et-Chériens (women: Loir-et-Chériennes).
Loir-et-Cher has a population, in 2014, of 333,567, for a population density of 52.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Blois, with 173,125 inhabitants, is by far the largest.
Evolution of the population in Loir-et-Cher
The main cities in the department are:
Loir-et-Cher Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.