Ain facts for kids
Location of Ain in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,762.4 km2 (2,224.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||107.5068/km2 (278.4413/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-01|
Aisne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Bourg-en-Bresse as is capital. It was formed with four former provinces: Bresse, Bugey, Dombes, Pays de Gex and part of the province of Franc-Lyonnais.
It was divided in nine districts: Pont-de-Vaux, Bourg, Nantua, Gex, Belley, Saint-Rambert, Montluel, Trévoux and Châtillon-les-Dombes.
The department was called départment of Bresse but in 1791 was changed to its present name: départment de l'Ain.
In 1798, Gex is separated from Ain for the creation of the former department of Léman.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Bourg, Belley, Nantua and Trévoux.
The department of Léman was eliminated in 1814 and Gex was again part of the department of Ain. In 1815, some communes of Gex are passed to Switzerland and the arrondissement of Gex is created.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Gex and Trévoux were eliminated but in 1933 Gex was made again an arrondissement.
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
- Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
The territory of the Ain department is formed by five regions:
- Bresse, a plain between the Saône river to the east and the Jura mountains to the west.
- Bugey-Valromey, surrounded by the Rhône and the Ain rivers, in the southern end of the Jura mountains.
- Dombes-Plain of the Ain, in the southeast of the department, surrounded by the Rhône and the Saône rivers. Here there are many ponds and small lakes where fishes are commercially grown.
- Pays de Gex. It has the Swiss border to the east, the mountains of Bugey to the west and the Jura mountains to the north. Here is the highest point of the Jura mountains and of the Ain department: Crêt de la Neige ( ), 1,720 m (5,643 ft) high.
- Revermont. Here there are two ranges of low mountains that go from north to south with a valley between them: the valley of the Suran river. This region is between the Bresse and Bugey-Valromey regions.
The lowest point of the department is on the Rhône river, 170 m (560 ft) high.
Several rivers flow through the department; the main rivers are the Rhône, the Ain and the Saône. The largest natural lake is the Nantua lake, with an area of 1.41 km2 (0.54 sq mi).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Château-Gaillard is 645.2 mm (25.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 63.5 mm (2.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).
The average temperature for the year in Château-Gaillard is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.8 °C (69.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.6 °C (36.7 °F).
|Climate data for Château-Gaillard, France|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.6
|Average low °C (°F)||-0.8
|Rainfall mm (inches)||50.5
|Source: Weatherbase.com |
The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Ain department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
There is not an official demonym for the inhabitants of the Ain department; people are named after the regions:
- Bresse - Bressans
- Bugey - Bugistes
- Revermont - Revermontois
- Dombes - Dombistes
- Pays de Gex - Gessiens
Ain had a population, in 2013, of 619,497, for a population density of 107.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Bourg-en-Bresse, with 350,548 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.
The communes in the department with more than 9,000 inhabitants are:
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Ain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.