Loire facts for kids
Location of Loire in France
|Département||12 August 1793|
|• Total||4,780.6 km2 (1,845.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||158.4121/km2 (410.286/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-42|
Rhône-et-Loire was one French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was divided in two departments in 1793: Rhône and Loire. The department of Loire had three districts: Montbrison, Roanne and Saint-Étienne. The capital was Feurs but in 1795 the capital was moved to Montbrison.
With the creation of the arrondissements, the three districts became three arrondissements: Montbrison, Roanne and Saint-Étienne.
The capital was moved from Montbrison to Saint-Étienne in 1855.
Loire is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, in east-central France, with an area of 4,780.6 km2 (1,846 sq mi). From north to south, it is 136 km (85 mi) long but from east to west it is only 50 km (31 mi) wide.
The department borders with 7 other departments in 2 regions:
- Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
- Saône-et-Loire (north)
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
- Monts du Forez, to the west of the department. Here is the highest mountain of the department: Pierre-sur-Haute (Puy-de-Dôme department. ); it is 1,634 m (5,361 ft) high, and is on the border with the
- Monts de la Madeleine, to the north of the Monts du Forez and form the limit between the Loire and the Allier departments.
- Monts du Lyonnais form the eastern limit of the Loire department.
- Pilat, a short chain that is in the Loire department but borders with other 4 departments: Rhône, Isère, Ardèche and Haute-Loire.
The main rivers of Loire are:
- Loire, that gives its name to the department and flows through the department from southwest to northeast for a distance of 130 km (81 mi).
- Rhône, in the southeast of the department.
The climate of the Loire department, in the city of Andrézieux-Bouthéon (near Saint-Étienne and where is the Saint-Étienne-Loire Airport), is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average temperature for the year in Andrézieux-Bouthéon, at an altitude of 389 m (1,276 ft), is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.5 °C (68.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Andrézieux-Bouthéon is 896.6 mm (35.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 88.9 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is April with an average of 61.0 mm (2.4 in).
- Andrézieux-Bouthéon (4201)
- Boën-sur-Lignon (4202)
- Charlieu (4203)
- Le Coteau (4204)
- Feurs (4205)
- Firminy (4206)
- Montbrison (4207)
- Le Pilat (4208)
- Renaison (4209)
- Rive-de-Gier (4210)
- Roanne-1 (4211)
- Roanne-2 (4212)
- Saint-Chamond (4213)
- Saint-Étienne-1 (4214)
- Saint-Étienne-2 (4215)
- Saint-Étienne-3 (4216)
- Saint-Étienne-4 (4217)
- Saint-Étienne-5 (4218)
- Saint-Étienne-6 (4219)
- Saint-Just-Saint-Rambert (4220)
- Sorbiers (4221)
Loire has a population, in 2014, of 757,305, for a population density of 158.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Saint-Étienne, with 411,402 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Montbrison and Roanne, have respectively 188,635 and 157,268 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Loire
The most important cities in the department are:
Church of Champdieu.
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Loire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.