Chesterton, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chesterton, Indiana
Town
Calumet Ave, Downtown
Calumet Ave, Downtown
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County Porter
Townships Westchester, Jackson, Liberty
Area
 • Total 9.44 sq mi (24.45 km2)
 • Land 9.33 sq mi (24.16 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation 640 ft (195 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,068
 • Estimate (2012) 13,199
 • Density 1,400.6/sq mi (540.8/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46304
Area code(s) 219
FIPS code 18-12412
GNIS feature ID 0432457
Website http://www.chestertonin.org/

Chesterton is a town in Westchester, Jackson and Liberty townships of Porter County, Indiana, United States. The population was 13,068 at the 2010 census. The three towns of Chesterton, Burns Harbor, and Porter are known as the tri-towns or the Duneland area.

History

Chesterton was originally called Calumet, and under the latter name was platted in 1852 when the railroad was extended to that point. Chesterton was incorporated as a town in 1899.

In 1933, a United Airlines NC13304 flight became the first known case of an attack against an aircraft. It was downed by a nitroglycerine bomb above Chesterton on October 10, 1933. All 7 people aboard the aircraft—four passengers and a crew of three—were killed in the crash.

In 1958, Evan Murrs created and patented the first electric bicycle powered by Lithium-Ion batteries in the shop class at Chesterton High School.

The Chesterton Commercial Historic District and the George Brown Mansion are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Chesterton is located at 41°36′15″N 87°3′30″W / 41.60417°N 87.05833°W / 41.60417; -87.05833 (41.604251, -87.058442)

Just north of the town is Indiana Dunes State Park and the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Most of the town is flat. However, going south into the city on the Route 49 overpass, one can see the Valparaiso Moraine in the distance.

According to the 2010 census, Chesterton has a total area of 9.44 square miles (24.45 km2), of which 9.33 square miles (24.16 km2) (or 98.83%) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) (or 1.17%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Chesterton, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 30.5 34.8 46.9 60.1 71.4 80.5 83.4 81.2 75.1 63.7 49.4 35.4 59.4
Average low °F 14.3 17.8 28.7 38.4 48.3 57.6 62.2 60.2 53.7 43 33.1 21.2 39.9
Rainfall inches 1.96 1.7 3.0 4 3.9 4.2 4 3.8 3.2 3.2 3.4 3 37.2
Snowfall inches 12 11.3 11.3 1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 3.4 9.1 55.4
Average high °C -0.83 1.56 8.28 15.61 21.89 26.94 28.56 27.33 23.94 17.61 9.67 1.89 15.22
Average low °C -9.83 -7.89 -1.83 3.56 9.06 14.22 16.78 15.67 12.06 6.1 0.61 -6 4.39
Rainfall mm 49.8 43 76 102 99 107 102 97 81 81 86 76 945
Snowfall cm 30 28.7 28.7 3.8 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 8.6 23.1 140.7

Demographics

Chesterton Indiana Indian Boundary Development
Indian Boundary, where SR 49 and I-94 meet.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 488
1890 931 90.8%
1900 788 −15.4%
1910 1,400 77.7%
1920 1,604 14.6%
1930 2,231 39.1%
1940 2,470 10.7%
1950 3,175 28.5%
1960 4,335 36.5%
1970 6,177 42.5%
1980 8,531 38.1%
1990 9,124 7.0%
2000 10,488 14.9%
2010 13,068 24.6%
Est. 2015 13,433 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,068 people, 5,029 households, and 3,554 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,400.6 inhabitants per square mile (540.8/km2). There were 5,354 housing units at an average density of 573.8 per square mile (221.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.7% White, 1.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population.

There were 5,029 households of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.3% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the town was 37.8 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,488 people, 4,039 households, and 2,879 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,232.0 people per square mile (475.8/km²). There were 4,212 housing units at an average density of 494.8 per square mile (191.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.29% White, 0.44% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.31% of the population.

There were 4,039 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,530, and the median income for a family was $66,239. Males had a median income of $50,599 versus $28,300 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,539. About 3.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Festivals

Chesterton was home to the annual Wizard of Oz Festival, which is the largest and most famous of its kind. In 2006, former organizers Lakeshore Festivals and Events moved the event to the Porter County Expo Center in Valparaiso, Indiana. After 3 years, LFE discontinued the festival and it was brought home to Chesterton by the Duneland Business Initiative Group in 2009. The Duneland Business Initiative later rescinded their support of the festival in 2013.

Historic Preservation


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