Chickasaw County, Iowa facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chickasaw County, Iowa
Map

Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1851
Seat New Hampton
Largest City New Hampton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

506 sq mi (1,311 km²)
504 sq mi (1,305 km²)
1.3 sq mi (3 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

12,439
25/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.chickasawcoia.org
Named for: Chickasaw people

Chickasaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,439. Its county seat is New Hampton. The county was named for the southern Indian Nation whose chief was Bradford.

History

Chickasaw County was founded on January 15, 1851. It was named after the Chickasaw tribe, which lived in the Southern United States at the time.

The first white settlers came in 1848 and the first county seat was from 1854 in Bradford, in the southwestern corner of the county. In the spring of 1857, the seat was moved to New Hampton, located near the geographic center, and was then called Chickasaw Center. The first offices needed of the county government were housed in private houses and the school building. In 1865, the first courthouse was erected, which was expanded in 1876, and completely destroyed by a fire on March 26, 1880.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 18 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 18
  • US 63 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 63
  • US 218 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 218
  • Iowa 24.svg Iowa Highway 24
  • Iowa 27.svg Iowa Highway 27
  • Iowa 346.svg Iowa Highway 346

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 4,336
1870 10,180 134.8%
1880 14,534 42.8%
1890 15,019 3.3%
1900 17,037 13.4%
1910 15,375 −9.8%
1920 15,431 0.4%
1930 14,637 −5.1%
1940 15,227 4.0%
1950 15,228 0.0%
1960 15,034 −1.3%
1970 14,969 −0.4%
1980 15,437 3.1%
1990 13,295 −13.9%
2000 13,095 −1.5%
2010 12,439 −5.0%
Est. 2015 12,097 −7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,439 in the county, with a population density of 24.632/sq mi (9.510/km2). There were 5,679 housing units, of which 5,204 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Chickasaw County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Chickasaw County

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,095 people, 5,192 households, and 3,644 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,593 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,192 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,649, and the median income for a family was $44,306. Males had a median income of $30,099 versus $21,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,237. About 5.90% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Chickasaw County posted the highest county unemployment rate in Iowa in the 2000 Census with 8% of the workforce unemployed. This figure, however, was still relatively low compared to the problems faced by many other counties in the Midwest.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Bradford
  • Chickasaw
  • Dayton
  • Deerfield
  • Dresden
  • Fredericksburg
  • Jacksonville
  • New Hampton
  • Richland
  • Stapleton
  • Utica
  • Washington

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Chickasaw County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 New Hampton City 3,571
2 Nashua (partially in Floyd County) City 1,663
3 Fredericksburg City 931
4 Lawler City 439
5 Ionia City 291
6 Protivin (mostly in Howard County) City 283
7 Alta Vista City 266
8 North Washington City 117
9 Bassett City 66

Chickasaw County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.