Fayette County, Iowa facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Fayette County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Marquis de Lafayette|
|• Total||731 sq mi (1,890 km2)|
|• Land||731 sq mi (1,890 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1 km2) 0.07%%|
|• Density||29/sq mi (11/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Fayette County was founded on December 21, 1837 as a part of Wisconsin Territory. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army. The county was formed as part of a large reorganization of Dubuque County, which at that time comprised most of the northern half of Iowa, Minnesota, and parts of the Dakotas. Fayette County was granted the Minnesota and Dakotas territory on that date. It became part of Iowa Territory when it was formed on July 4, 1838. Fayette County's size was drastically reduced into land that was part of the modern state of Iowa in 1843, then further split in 1847 after Iowa had achieved statehood. The county was organized in 1850.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 731 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.07%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 18
- Iowa Highway 3
- Iowa Highway 56
- Iowa Highway 93
- Iowa Highway 150
- Iowa Highway 187
- Iowa Highway 281
|U.S. Decennial Census
The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.
Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:
- Pleasant Valley
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Fayette County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|2||† West Union||City||2,486|
|3||Sumner (mostly in Bremer County)||City||2,028|
|5||Fairbank (partially in Buchanan County)||City||1,113|
|15||Stanley (mostly in Buchanan County)||City||125|
Fayette County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.