Fayette County, Iowa facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Fayette County, Iowa
Map
Map of Iowa highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the USA highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1837
Seat West Union
Largest City Oelwein
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

731 sq mi (1,893 km²)
731 sq mi (1,893 km²)
0.5 sq mi (1 km²), 0.07%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

20,880
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://fayettecountyiowa.org/
Named for: Marquis de Lafayette

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,880. The county seat is West Union.

History

Fayette County was founded on December 21, 1837 as a part of Wisconsin Territory. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army. The county was formed as part of a large reorganization of Dubuque County, which at that time comprised most of the northern half of Iowa, Minnesota, and parts of the Dakotas. Fayette County was granted the Minnesota and Dakotas territory on that date. It became part of Iowa Territory when it was formed on July 4, 1838. Fayette County's size was drastically reduced into land that was part of the modern state of Iowa in 1843, then further split in 1847 after Iowa had achieved statehood. The county was organized in 1850.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 731 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.07%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 18.svg U.S. Highway 18
  • Iowa 3.svg Iowa Highway 3
  • Iowa 56.svg Iowa Highway 56
  • Iowa 93.svg Iowa Highway 93
  • Iowa 150.svg Iowa Highway 150
  • Iowa 187.svg Iowa Highway 187
  • Iowa 281.svg Iowa Highway 281

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 825
1860 12,073 1,363.4%
1870 16,973 40.6%
1880 22,258 31.1%
1890 23,141 4.0%
1900 29,845 29.0%
1910 27,919 −6.5%
1920 29,251 4.8%
1930 29,145 −0.4%
1940 29,151 0.0%
1950 28,294 −2.9%
1960 28,581 1.0%
1970 26,898 −5.9%
1980 25,488 −5.2%
1990 21,843 −14.3%
2000 22,008 0.8%
2010 20,880 −5.1%
Est. 2015 20,257 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.

2000 census

USA Fayette County, Iowa age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Fayette County

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

  • Auburn
  • Banks
  • Bethel
  • Center
  • Clermont
  • Dover
  • Eden
  • Fairfield
  • Fremont
  • Harlan
  • Illyria
  • Jefferson
  • Oran
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Putnam
  • Scott
  • Smithfield
  • Union
  • Westfield
  • Windsor

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Fayette County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Oelwein City 6,415
2 West Union City 2,486
3 Sumner (mostly in Bremer County) City 2,028
4 Fayette City 1,338
5 Fairbank (partially in Buchanan County) City 1,113
6 Elgin City 683
7 Clermont City 632
8 Maynard City 518
9 Hawkeye City 449
10 Arlington City 429
11 Wadena City 262
12 Waucoma City 257
13 Westgate City 211
14 St. Lucas City 143
15 Stanley (mostly in Buchanan County) City 125
16 Randalia City 68

Fayette County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.