Chimney, Oxfordshire facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsChimney
Chimney Meadows on the River Thames
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Chimney Meadows 620 acres (250 ha) is the largest nature reserve managed by the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust.
Chimney's toponym is derived Old English, meaning "Island of a man named Ceomma". A series of ring ditches to the west of the hamelt have been scheduled as an ancient monument, as has an oval causewayed enclosure which is approximately 150 metres (490 ft) across.
A large Anglo-Saxon cemetery, in use from the mid 10th century to the mid 11th century, has been found west of Chimney Farm. Chimney has been a small settlement since then. There were about 18 households in the 13th century, and the population reached a peak of 46 in 1821. In 1931, the last year for which separate figures are available, the population was 24.
Two late 17th cottages at Chimney Farm have been designated as Grade II listed buildings, as has Lower Farmhouse.
Until the 19th century Chimney was a township in the parish of Bampton. It was made a separate civil parish in 1866. In 1931 the parish was united with Aston and Cote to form Aston Bampton, which was united with Shifford in 1954 to form the parish of Aston Bampton and Shifford, later renamed Aston, Cote, Shifford and Chimney.
The area lies on alluvial deposits from the River Thames producing calcareous clayey soils of the Thames series. Chimney Meadows is a 620 acres (250 ha) national nature reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest which forms part of the floodplain of the River Thames. It includes wild flower meadows with cowslip, yellow rattle, common knapweed, oxeye daisy and pepper-saxifrage which supports insects, wildfowl and waders. It is the largest nature reserve managed by the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust, who took it over in 2003.
Chimney, Oxfordshire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.